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Internet Terms/Defin

Internet Terms and Definitions

Adware A form of software that displays advertising on the user’s computer. Some types are installed with the user’s knowledge, but others may not.
Blog A written personal journal posted on the Web with free access by the general public. Blog comes from the words WeB LOG.
Bookmark/Favorite Menu entry or icon on a computer that is usually created by the user and that serves as a shortcut to a previously viewed location (as an Internet site)
Chat Real-time typed conversation that takes place on a computer
Com Top-level domain that stands for commercial (for profit) Web sites
Cookies Data generated by a Web server and stored in a text file on your computer that allows a Web site to store information for later retrieval.
Domain name Text version of an IP address
Downloading Process of a computer receiving information
E-commerce Electronic commerce - business transactions that occur over the Internet
Edu Top-level domain that stands for education
Flaming Sending an angry, hostile, or abusive electronic message
Gov Top-level domain that stands for the government
Hit Any Web site name that is listed as the result of a search
Home page The first page of a Web site
HTML Hypertext Markup Language – a set of special codes that format a file for use as a Web page
HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol - the Internet protocol rules used for the transmission of a page
Hyperlink Can contain text, graphics, sound, video, and built-in connections to other Web pages or information
Internet A large worldwide network of networks that are connected to one another in various ways
IP Address Unique identifying numbers assigned to each computer connected to the Internet; it’s just like a phone number
ISP Internet Service Provider – provides access to the Internet such as telephone and cable companies
LAN Local Area Network – a data communications network that typically connects personal computers within a very limited geographical area – usually a single building.
Malware Malicious code that includes viruses, worms, bots, Trojan horses, and spyware
Mil Top-level domain that stands for the military
Net Top-level domain that stands for network providers
Netiquette Etiquette governing appropriate communication on the Internet
Network A collection of computers that are connected so that they can share resources
Org Top-level domain that stands for nonprofit organizations
Phishing E-mail-based or IM scam designed to persuade you to reveal confidential information.
Portal Offers users a variety of Internet services from a single location such as search engines, e-mail, blogs, chat rooms, etc. One example is Yahoo!
Search engine Program used to find Web sites and Web pages by entering words or phrases called search text
Spam Unsolicited e-mail message or newsgroup posting sent to many recipients or newsgroups at once
URL Uniform Resource Locator – another name for a domain name
Web browser Program that allows you to view Web pages such as Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, Mozilla Firefox
Web page Electronic document posted on a Web site
Web site Collection of related Web pages
WWW Worldwide collection of electronic documents commonly known as the World Wide Web (WWW)
Uploading The sending of data from a local system to a remote system, such as a server, with the intent that the remote system should save a copy of whatever is being transferred.
Intranet A network operating like the World Wide Web but having access restricted to a limited group of authorized users (as employees of a company)
Boolean operators A word or symbol that describes a relationship between keywords and thereby helps you create a more focused query. Common operators include AND, OR, NOT.
Firewall Software or hardware designed to filter out suspicious packets attempting to enter or leave a computer, makes sure that incoming information was actually requested and is not an unauthorized intrusion.
Spyware A type of program that secretly gathers personal information without the victim’s knowledge, usually for advertising and other commercial purposes. It tracks and reports many of your activities to a remote location.
WiFi Wireless fidelity – the most popular wireless LAN technology
Wikipedia A collection of documents that form an encyclopedia. Visitors to this site can view definitions and information on a huge variety of topics and make changes to entries that are not correct or complete.
Bluetooth A short-range (3-300 feet) wireless network technology that’s designed to make its own connections between electronic devices, for example a printer, a mouse, keyboard, a PC, or a cell phone without wires, cables, or any direct action from a user.
Pharming The fraudulent practice of directing Internet users to a bogus website that mimics the appearance of a legitimate one in order to obtain personal information such as passwords, account numbers, etc.
HTTPS:// Indicates the URL is a secure connection. Another sign of a secure connection includes a padlock icon in the address bar at the top of the screen or status bar near the bottom of the screen.
Created by: sostheimer