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Midterm (pt1)


Phonology is the sound system of a language and the rules that govern the sound combinations. (RULE-BASED system that governs how particular speech sounds are used to produce meaningful words.)
Morphology is the system that governs the structure of words and the construction of word forms.
Syntax is the system governing the order and combination of words to form sentences, and the relationships among the elements within a sentence.
Semantics is the system that governs the meanings of words, phrases, and sentences.
Pragmatics is the system that combines the above language components in functional and socially appropriate communication.
Standardized/ Norm Referenced (PsM) Formal assessments devised testing individuals with normal speech and/or language development, and computing the acceptable range of variation for the age range covered by the test (Paul, 2001). Examples: MLU, Type-Token Ratio (TTR), T-Units.
Non-Standardized/ Criterion Referenced (PsM) devised to examine a particular form of communication behavior; not with reference to other children’s achievement but only to determine whether the child can attain a certain level of performance (Paul, 2001).
Validity (PsM) The potential for the tool to assess what it purports to test.
Reliability (PsM) The determination of consistency and accuracy of testing procedures and testing measures.
Standardization (PsM) Studies that are completed to determine if the test is valid and reliable and if the information is able to be utilized. A minimum N Sample of 100 people per age grouping should be used (Salvia and Ysseldyke, 1995).
Age Equivalence (SC) A numerical representation of a person’s performance with regard to a specific age when the demonstrated skills are typically observed.
Standard Score (SC) A numerical value that can be used to compare a person’s raw score on a test to the scores of peers.
Z-Score (SC) A numerical value denoting the number of SD’s a person’s score varied from the mean. Z-Scores are expressed in numbers -3 to +3.
T-Scores (SC) Same as above with the exception that the mean is 50 and the SD is 10.
Stanine (SC) Normalized standard scores (between 1 and 9) that have a mean of 5 and a SD of 2.
Percentile Ranks (SC) A numerical score that expresses what percentage of the testing population scored lower than the person in question.
Normal Curve Equivalents (NCE’s) (SC) Psychometric range from 1-99 with a mean of 50 and SD of 21.06.
1-SLP Scope of Practice School-Based) 1. Prevention, screening, consultation, assessment and diagnosis, treatment, intervention, management, counseling, and follow-up services for disorders of: Speech, Language, Swallowing, Cognitive aspects of communication, Sensory awareness (related to swa
2-SLP Scope of Practice School-Based) 2. Establishing AAC techniques, strategies, via appropriate assessment and intervention.
3-SLP Scope of Practice School-Based) 3. Providing services to consumers with hearing loss (and their families).
4-SLP Scope of Practice School-Based) 4. Conducting hearing screenings.
5-SLP Scope of Practice School-Based) 5. Using instrumentation that will help collect data to observe, measure, and treat disorders of communication and swallowing.
6-SLP Scope of Practice School-Based) 6. Selecting, fitting, and teaching effective use of prosthetic or adaptive devices for communication or swallowing.
7-SLP Scope of Practice School-Based) 7. Collaborating in the assessment and treatment of Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD).
8-SLP Scope of Practice School-Based) 8. Providing education and/or counseling to consumers and their partners regarding communication and swallowing issues.
9-SLP Scope of Practice School-Based) 9. Advocating for consumer rights to eliminate societal barriers.
10-SLP Scope of Practice School-Based) 10. Collaborating with and providing referrals to appropriate personnel.
11-SLP Scope of Practice School-Based) 11. Addressing behaviors disruptive to appropriate communication and swallowing processes.
12-SLP Scope of Practice School-Based) 12. Providing services to modify or enhance communication performance.
13-SLP Scope of Practice School-Based) 13. Engaging in appropriate assessment and therapeutic procedures that are sensitive to cultural differences of consumers.
Created by: ashea01



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