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Art History

TermDefinition
post and lintel a building system where strong horizontal elements are held up by strong vertical elements with large spaces between them. Think stonehenge
naturalistic derived from real life or nature, or imitating it very closely.
stele stone or wooden slab, often used for funerary or commemorative purposes
abstract art that does not attempt to represent external reality, but seeks to achieve its effect using shapes, forms, colors, and textures.
buon fresco technique of mural painting executed upon freshly-laid, or wet lime plaster with water activated pigments
fresco secco paints are applied to dried plaster.
formal analysis Does not require knowledge of the work (what you can learn from looking)
contextual analysis Looking at a work to understand how it functioned in a particular historical moment
composition the arrangement of parts in a work of art
medium The material(s) used to create a work
iconography Writing with images (visible symbolism) conveying words/meanings with images.
donor/patron The sponsor of the work ( the person paying)
modeling varying the effect of light on the form to suggest volume
abstraction not intended to be exact replications of nature
naturalistic An image that copies or replicates nature
cuneiform wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems
registers horizontal bands of narrative
hieratic scale using size to indicate importance
Rosetta stone The Rosetta Stone is a stone with writing on it in two languages (Egyptian and Greek), using three scripts (hieroglyphic, demotic and Greek).
ra The god of the sun
ka (the soul) the ka is a symbol of the reception of the life powers from each man from the gods, it is the source of these powers, and it is the spiritual double that resides with every man.
cannon of proportions Ancient Egyptian art used a canon of proportion based on the "fist", measured across the knuckles, with 18 fists from the ground to the hairline on the forehead.
twisted perspective A convention of representation in which part of a figure is shown in profile and another part of the same figure is shown frontally.
Created by: 800250970185791