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MLT Micro

Micro bacteria and the tests for them

Beta hemolysis is a large area of hemolysis around a bacterial colony
Alpha hemolysis is a small area of hemolysis around a bacterial colony, usually green in color
Gamma hemolysis is an absence of hemolysis around a bacterial colony
A dark pink colony on a MacConkey plate is a lactose fermenter
Staphylococcus aureus is coagulase... positive
Staph epidermisis, Staph saprophyticus, Staph lugdenensis are coagulase... negative
Staphylococcus is Gram ________ _________ positive cocci
Micrococcus is Gram ________ _______ Positive cocci
S.aureus an cause what kind of minor infections localized skin infections
S.aureus is catalase _____ and coagulase____ positive, positive
catalase test reagent 3% hydrogen peroxide
coagulase test reagent rabbit plasma
normal flora on the skin us coagulase negative
coagulase negative staphylococcus is ________ hemolytic gamma (not)
S.sparophyticus is resistant to what antibiotic novobiocin
Micrococcus is catalase _______ and coagulase______ positive, negative
common species of micrococcus are M. luteus, and M.roseus
micrococcus colonies are typically what color yellow
micrococcus are oxidase positive
micrococcus is bacitracin susseptible
Streptococcaceae is Gram __________ ________ positive cocci
Stretococcaceae is catalase negative
S.pyogenes has ____ hemolysis, it is enhanced by ____ conditions beta, anaerobic
S.pyogenes colony appearance on 5% SBA is small, gray-white
S.pyogenes is PYR positive
S.pyogenes is in Lancefield group Lancefield group A
S. agalactiae is in Lancefield group Lancefield group B
S.agalactiae can cause infections in fetuses and infants
In adults S.agalactiae can cause infections in post partum women
S.agalactiae needs to grow in what kind of air 5% Co2 or ambient air
S.agalactiae is catalase negative
S.agalactiae is PYR negative
S,agalactiae is CAMP positive
S,agalactiae hydrolyzes hippurate
S.pneumoniae grows in what kind of air 5-10% CO2
S.pneumoniae is catalase negative
S.pneumoniae is optochin susceptible
S.pneumoniae is bile soluble
S,pneumoniae is resistant to penicillin and cephalosporins
Viridans streptococci is ________ hemolytic alpha
V.streptococci will grow in what conditions? 5% CO2 or ambient air
V.streptococci is catalase negative
V.streptococci is optochin resistant
V.streptococci is bile insoluble
V.streptococci is bile esculine negative
Enterococcus is ______ hemolytic alpha or gamma
Enterococcus is catalse negative
enterococcus is optochin resistant
enterococcus bile insoluble
enterocuccus is bile esculin positive
enterococci are PYR positive
E.faecium can be resistant to Vancomycin (VRE)
Group D strepococci includes S.bovis
group D streptococci is susceptible to penicillin
The O antigen on enterobacteriaceae is in the cell wall, and is heat stable
the H antigen in enterobacteriaceae is in the flagella, and is heat labile
the K antigen in enterobacteriaceae is in the polysaccharide capsule, and is heat libile
E. coli is usualy _______ hemolytic beta
E.coli on MacConkey is a lactose fermenter and is dry
E.coli is indole positive
E.coli is H2S negative
E.coli is citrate negative
e.coli is susceptible to most antibiotics
Shigella is not a part of normal flora
Shigella is H2S negative
Shigella is able, or unable to move? non motile
shigella is urea negative
shegella on MacConkey is a non lactose fermenter, but will grow
shigella on HE is a green colony
shigela on XLD is a red colony
citrobacter is a part of normal intestinal flora
citrobacter on MacConkey often a lactose fermenter
citrobacter on XLD and HE forms yellow colonies
citrobacter is H2S variable
citrobacter is citrate positive
citrobacter is indole variable
citrobacter is ampicillin resistant
citrobacter is resistant to what kinds of cephalosporins 1st generation
klebsiella/enterobacter group all have what kind of capsules lare mucoid
klebsiella/enterobacter on MacConkey light pink
klebsiella/enterobacter is VP positive
klebsiella/enterobacter is citrate positive
klebsiella/enterobacter is H2S negative
klebsiella/enterobacter is indole variable
klebsiella/enterobacter is urea variable
klebsiella/enterobacter is resistant to ampicillin
klebsiella/enterobacter is resistant to what kinds of cephalosporins except pantoea 1st generation
klebsiella/enterobacter is most susceptible to trimethoprim/sulfa
proteus/providencia on MacConkey non-lactose fermenter
proteus/providencia is PAD positive
proteus/providencia is VP negative
proteus/providencia is H2S and indole variable
proteus/providencia is always resistant to nitrofuantoin and tetracycline
proteus/providencia is or is not motile very motile
Edwardsiella tarda on MacConkey non lactose fermenter
Edwardsiella tarda urea and citrate negative
Edwardsiella tarda H2S and indole positive
Edwardsiella tarda probable cause of diarrhea
Ewingella americana on MacConkey lactose fermenter
Ewingella americana is typically what kind of pathogen plant
Hafnia alvei on MacConkey non-lactose fermenter
Hafnia alvei is VP and citrate positive
salmonella on MacConkey, HE, and XLD nonfermenter
salmonella is indole, VP, and urea negative
salmonella is H2S positive
Plesiomonas is a member of enterobacteriacae
Plesiomonas is oxidase positive
Plesiomonas is a glucose and lactose fermenter
Created by: Mwortman