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External pat-factors

Pattern id 1 midterm review

QuestionAnswer
What are the six external evils? Wind, cold, summer heat, damp, dryness and fire
What are the six external evils/pathogenic factors considered to be according to the eight principles? Excess
The six external evils invade from the outside entering through where? Skin, nose, and mouth
In what season is wind more Prevalent Spring/liver
In what season is cold more prevalent Winter/kidney
In what season is summer heat prevalent Only summer/heart. It is also the only pat fact that can only arise externally, and can only occur in the summer.
What season is dampness more prevalent Late summer/spleen
What season is dryness more for prevalent Autumn/lungs
Wind, summer heat, dryness and fire are considered? And injure? Yang and injure Yin
Cold and dampness are considered? And injure? Yin pathogenic factors and tend to injure yang
An invasion of an exterior pathogen resulting in exterior patterns would have symptoms of? Simultaneous aversion to cold and fever
Some examples of an exterior pathogen resulting in exterior patterns are? Common cold, flu, upper respiratory infection, ear infection
An invasion of an exterior pathogen without exterior patterns means what? Cold has penetrated some organs directly without development of exterior pattern with aversion to cold and fever
Cold directly invading the stomach will cause what? Acute Epigastric pain and vomiting
Cold invading the intestines directly will cause what? Acute diarrhea and abdominal pain
Cold invading the uterus directly will cause what? Acute dysmenorrhea, painful., Menstrual cramps
What do we call and invasion of an exterior pathogen resulting in obstruction of muscles, joints and channels? Painful obstruction syndrome/bi syndrome – usually caused by wind, dampness and cold
How does an invasion of An exterior pathogen breaks through and becomes an interior disease? If the patient does not Or can not dispell the exterior pathogen, overtime it may move interior eventually attacking the organs.
Wind is ? in nature and tends to injure? Yang, and tends to injure blood and Yin
What kind of onset does wind have? Rapid onset and can change rapidly
When diseases are characterized by symptoms of what? Wondering pain (manifestations change location) or itching
When generally causes ? Especially unilaterally Numbness or tingling
When tends to affect which part of the body The top part of the body (neck and shoulders)
Why is wind the cause of 100 diseases? Because it can bring other pathogens into the body with it. Ex. Wind heat, wind cold, wind damp
Wind impairs the flow of what? Wei Qi
When wei qi is impaired The patient will have? Chills and an aversion to cold
Wind entering the couli can interfere with the D&D function of the lungs causing Sneezing, cough may occur, a runny nose
The fight between the pathogenic wind and the wei qi may cause what? Fever
What channel does wind attack first? The most superficial channel. (tai yang-greater yang-UB-SI)
Wind attacking the most superficial channel, obstructing the channels flow, causes what? Aches and pains in the back and neck
Aversion to cold, sneezing, coughing, runny nose with white watery mucus, chills more than fever, muscle stiffness and aches, no sweating and lack of thirst or Thirst for warm drinks or symptoms of what? Wind cold
What type of pulse would wind cold have Floating – tight pulse
What type of tongue coating would wind cold have? Thin white tongue coating
Aversion to cold, fever more than chills, cough, runny nose with slight yellow mucus, muscle stiffness and ache, slight sweat, sore throat, first or Thirst for cold drinks are signs of what? Wind heat
What type of pulse does wind heat have? Floating – rapid pulse
What type of tongue coating would wind heat have Red tip and sides of tongue with a thin white coating
Aversion to cold, fever, swollen glands, loss of appetite, nausea, sweating, muscle aches, heavy feeling in the body, swollen joints are indications of what? Wind dampness
What type of pulse would wind dampness have? Floating slippery pulse
Fever, slight aversion to cold, slight sweating, dry skin, dry nose, dry mouth, dry throat, cough, sore throat are indications of what? Wind dryness
What type of tongue would wind dryness have? Dry tongue with a thin white coating
What type of pulse with wind dryness have? Floating – rapid pulse
Aversion to cold, fever, edema, swollen face and eyes, cough with perfuse white and watery mucus, sweating, lack of thirst are indications of what? Wind water
If external when invades the channels of the face it can cause what? Numbness or facial paralysis (bells palsy)
Cold is a ?pathogenic factor intends to injure? Yin pathogenic factor and tends to injure yang
What exterior pathogenic factor congeals and contracts? Cold
Secretions are clear or white-ish, thin, watery and have no smell are indications of what pathogenic factor? External cold
External cold signs and symptoms are the same as? Wind cold
Summer heat is a? Pathogenic factor that injures? Yang pathogenic factor that injures Yin
Summer heat has a tendency to move where? Into the interior quickly
Fever, aversions to call, sweating, irritability, first, sometimes a feeling of heaviness are signs and symptoms of What exterior pathogenic factor? Summer heat
What type of tongue coating would summer heat have? Read front and sides of tile with white sticky coating
What type of pulse would summer he have? Slippery or soggy and rapid pulse
Dampness is a? Pathogenic factor and tends to injure? Yin pathogenic factor and tends to injure Yang
Dampness tends to invade the? Part of the body first and then move where? Lower, move up the leg it to the pelvis
What are the qualities of dampness? Sticky, heavy and difficult to get rid of and tends to slow things down
Feeling of heaviness body and/or head, tiredness, poor appetite, fullness in chest, urinary difficulties, loose stools indication what external pat-factor? External dampness
What type of tongue coating would dampness have? Sticky tongue coating
What type of pulse would dampness have? Slippery or soggy pulse
Deafness going to be what organs? bladder, intestines, stomach, uterus, and gallbladder
Difficulty and pain on urination with acute onset, scanty urination, frequency urination, cloudy urine, feeling of heaviness in the lower abdomen indicate what? External damp invasion of the bladder
If external damp has invaded the bladder what type of tongue coating and pulse will it have? Thick sticky tongue coating with a slippery pulse
External damp invasion of the bladder accompanied by heat will have what indication including tongue and pulse? Burning on urination, dark urine, thirst but no desire to drink, yellow tongue coating, slightly rapid pulse
An acute onset of vomiting and/or watery diarrhea without smell, epigastric pain/heaviness, cold limbs, lack of appetite with a white thick sticky tongue coating and a slippery pulse indicate what? External Damp invasion of the spleen and stomach
acute onset of watery diarrhea w/out smell, abdominal pain, feeling of heaviness, sticky thick white tongue coating, and a slippery pulse indicate what? External damp invasion of the intestines
Acute onset of painful periods, excessive vaginal discharge, thick sticky white tongue coating, and a slippery pulse are indications of what? External damp invasion of the uterus
Acute onset of hypochondrial pain, feeling of heaviness, bitter taste, sticky yellow tongue coatings (sometimes on the side), slippery pulse are indications of what? External damp invasion of the gallbladder
Acute stage of damp painful obstruction syndrome/bi syndrome. Achy and swollen joints with a feeling of heaviness are indications of what? External dampness in channels.
Aversion to cold, fever, swollen glands, heavy feeling in the head with headaches, oppression in the chest and epigastrium, no thirst, white sticky tongue coating, soggy or slippery pulse indicate what? Damp heat at defensive Qi (wei qi) level
Fever, slight aversion to cold, sweating, headache, feeling of heaviness in the body, irritability, thirst, red tongue with sticky tongue coating, soggy or slippery rapid pulse are indications of what? Summer heat with dampness
Dryness is a? Pathogenic factor that tends to injure? Yang pathogenic factor that tends to injure Yin and blood
Acute aversion to cold, fever, headache, dry throat/lips/mouth/skin/stools, scanty urine, no sweat, nasal congestion with little or yellow sticky mucus, small amounts of blood in nasal mucus, thirst indicate? External dryness
External dryness usually arises from? Wind dry invasion
What type of tongue coating would dryness have? Dry tongue
What type of pulse would dryness have? Floating pulse and may be rapid
Fire is? In nature and tends to injure? Yang in nature and tends to injure Yin
Where does fire tend to rise and/or attack? Face and head
What kind of pathogen is fire? Primarily an internal pathogen
Fever, feeling of heat, sweating, red face, red eyes, headache, thirst with desire for cold drinks, dark skanty urine, dry stools, thick yellow mucus, smelly secretions, mental restlessness are indications what? Fire (heat)
What type of pulse would fire have? Floating rapid pulse
What would the tongue look like with a fire invasion Read tongue especially the tip and possible ulcers on the tongue
Created by: Jkellycal