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What are the prenatal stages of development? Germinal, embryonic, fetal
When is the germinal stage? Conception to first 2 weeks
What is the fetal stage? Months 2-9
What is localization? Certain areas of the brain are designated to do certain tasks. One area is localized to memory, language, vision etc. (this enables us to know where lesion is based on what deficits pt has)
What is double dissociation? When damage to an area of the brain causes a deficit in one aspect of a skill.
What are the processes of brain development? Proliferation, migration, differentiation
What is at risk? Any number of scenarios put the child at risk for developmental delay - could be biological or environmental in nature (low SES)
What is established risk? Developmental delay is not possible or probable, it is expected (Down Syndrome)
What are the categories for established risk? Chromosomal and genetic abnormalities and neurological disorders
What are some gene-linked abnormalities? Cystic fibrosis, sickle-cell anemia, Waardenburn syndrome
What are some chromosomal abnormalities? Down Syndrome, Cri-du-chat, Fragile X, Williams Syndrome
What are neurological disorders? Cerebral Palsy
Periventricular Leukomalacia (PVL) CP has happened before the child was born. Damage to the white matter. Primary cause = prematurity and intrauterine infection
Cerebral Dysgenesis Caused by infection from mom (rubella, syphillis, chicken pox
Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE) Severe oxygen deprivation during birth
Intracranial Hemorrhage bleeding inside the brain
Assessing the newborn with what tests? APGAR, NBAS, NNNS
What do the initials in APGAR stand for? A=appearance, P = pulse, G = grimace, A - activity, R = respiration
What does a "sense of self" mean? Knowing that his/her body parts are their own.
Rochat? Double touch stimulation
ROCHAT shifts? 2 month, 9 month, 18 month
Created by: Spaw14