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Tcm herbology

QuestionAnswer
1 li equals? .03 grams
1 fen equals .3 grams
1 Qian equals 3 grams
1 liang equals 30 grams
9.3 Qian equals 28 grams
What are the four administrations of herbs? Grow/sow, collect, dry, storage
What are the three main reasons to process herbs before use? Increase storage, decrease toxicity, increased the effect
What is the aim/goal for processing herbs? To remove impurities (clean), decreased toxicity, increase effect (efficiency), change the function or characteristic of an herb (and increase storage
What are some of the processing methods used? Mechanical method, utilizing water, utilizing fire, utilizing fire and water, and other; germination fermentation frostation (freezing)
Cleaning is a part of what kind of method, including sorting and sifting? Mechanical method
Pulverizing is a part of what kind of method? Mechanical method
Slicing is a part of what kind of method? Mechanical method
Washing is a part of what kind of method? Utilizing water. Involves cleaning off earth soil and sand using water
Moistening is part of what method Utilizing water. Sprinkling repeatedly to soften the herb for cutting
Rinsing is a part of what method? Utilizing water: put in water (soaking or running water)
Refining powder with water is a part of what method Utilizing water: usually used for an insoluble mineral
Dry frying, frying with liquids, and quick frying are all part of what method? Utilizing fire: Using a high heat
Calcining is part of what method? Utilizing fire: usually means to burn
Dry curing or baking is part of what method? Utilizing fire: Usually at a low heat for war delicate herbs and flowers and insects.
Roasting in ash is part of what method? Utilizing fire: Herb is usually wrapped in clay or wet paper/cloth and placed in the embers till blackened
Steaming is part of what method? Utilizing water and fire: after process you dry in the sun to alter its property.
Boiling is part of what method? Utilizing water and fire
Quenching is part of what method? Utilizing fire and water: after the process you immerse it in cold water or vinegar.
Simmering or condensing is part of what method? Utilizing fire and water: reducing contents until it becomes like a gel or syrup
Scalding is part of what method? Using water and fire: dip in boiling water then quickly take out.
What is germination? Sprouting seeds then drying them.
What is fermentation? An agent reacts with an organic substance to break it down into a simpler substance, at a certain temperature
What is frostation? Freezing
Describe dry frying. Browning for storage. It strengthens (Tonifies) St/Sp, nourishies Yin,reduces fire and if done with salt it will direct downwards towards the kidneys
What will frying with honey do? Increase the tonifying and nourishing affects for St/Sp
What does frying with vinegar do? Increase the effect of estrangement construction, analgic (pain reliever), invigorates blood, and decreases toxicity
What does frying with wine do? It increases circulation, removes pain, and expels wind.
What does frying with ginger juice do? It warms the stomach, stops vomiting, redirects rebellious stomach Qi
Describe calcining?. To burn: placing Herb in fire until heated and turns red to make brittle and easy to pulverize. (Minerals/shells)
Describe quick frying?. Using extremely high temperatures to fry and herb until it is dark brown or cracked. It reduces toxicity or harsh characteristics
Describe dry curing or baking?. Utilizing a slow, mild heat for a quick dry without damaging the herbs. Flowers and/or insects (something fragrant)
Describe roasting in ash?. Herb is wrapped with mud paste or moistened paper, then heated in hot cinders/embers until the coating is charred or cracked
What are the characteristics of sour To contract, prevent leakage
What color is sour? Green
What are the characteristics of liver/gallbladder? Sour, green, wood, spring.
What are the characteristics of bitter? To cleanse, detoxify, and dry dampness
What is the color of bitter? Red
What are the characteristics of heart/small intestines? Bitter, red, fire, summer
What is the characteristic of sweet/bland? Tonify, nourish, drain dampness, promote urination.
What is the color of sweet/Bland? Yellow
What are the characteristics of spleen/stomach Sweet/bland, yellow, earth
What is the characteristic of pungent? To disperse, drain downward
What is the color of pungent? White
What are the characteristics of lung/large intestine Pungent, white, metal, autumn
What is the characteristic of salty? To soften, or purge
What is the color of salty? Black
What are the characteristics of the kidney/urinary bladder Salty, black, water, winter
What is the action and direction of yang herbs? Upwards/lifting Outwards/floating
What are the action and direction of yin herbs Downwards/lowering Inwards/sinking
Release exterior syndromes is a property of what? Yang herbs
Dispel wind (exterior) and cold is a property of what? Yang herbs
To induce vomit is a property of what? Yang Herbs
Open the orifices is a property of what Yang herbs
Raise Yang is a property of what? Yang herbs
Clears heat and quench fire is a property of what? Yin herbs
Promote urination is a property of what? Yin herbs
Remove dampness is a property of what? Yin herbs
Calms the shen is a property of what? Yin herbs
Anchor the Yang is a property of what? Yin herbs
Extinguish wind internally is a property of what Yin herbs
Redirect rebellious Qi , improve digestion is a property of what? Yin herbs
Remove food stagnation is a property of what? Yin herbs
What would you use to rectify an excess condition? Sedating
What would you use to rectify A deficient condition? Tonifying
What would you use for heat condition Cooling
What would you use for a cold condition? Warming
What would you use to rectify a rebellious condition? Redirecting
What would you use to rectify a prolapsed condition Raising/lifting
What would you use to rectify a stagnated condition Dispersing/moving
Hua Flos/flower
Teng Caulis/stem, stalk
Keng Ramulus/ small branched
Gen Radix/ root like (straight down)
Ben Radix/ root like (horizontal)
Zi Semen/ small seed
Tsu Fructus/ fruit
Ren Semen/ oily seed, nut
Dou Semen/ bean
Pi Pericarpium/fruit peel rind
Pi (second meaning) Cortex/ bark
Ye Folium/ leaf
Cao Herba/ whole plant above ground
Bulbus Bulb-like
Cacumen Top
Calyx Cap
Spina Thorn
Spica Pointy tip or spiked leaves
Lignum Hard wood
Periostracum Shed larvae skin
Sha Excrementum/ feces
Gu Os/bone
Calculus Animal stone
Carapax Animal shell
Concha Mollusk shell
Jiao (\/) Cornu/ antler horn
Jiao (--) Gelatinum/ gel
Plastrum Bottomof shell
She (/) Snake
Shi (/) Stone
Squama Scale like
Hong(/) Red
Chi(\) Red
Bai(/) White
Zi(\/) Purple
Qing (--) Green
Huang (/) Yellow
Jin(--) Gold
Yin (--) Silver
Hei (--) Black
Fei (\) Lungs
Pi(/) Spleen
Gan(--) Liver
Xin Heart
Da chang Large intestine
Wei Stomach
Dan Gallbladder
Xiao chang Small intestines
San jiao Triple heater(burner)
Jin Metal
Shui Water
Mu Wood
Huo Fire
Tu Earth
Fen Powder
San Powder
Tang Soup, tea, decoction
Jian Decoction/ soups
Yin Drink/ tea
Wan Pill
Pian Tablet
Gao Soft extract, paste, plaster, syrup
Chong Granules
Dan(--) Mineral coated pill
Shu Cooked
Sheng Raw
Tan Charred
Zhi Specially prepared
Tendency of diseases; upwards Vomiting and coughing asthma
Tendency of diseases; Downwards Diarrhea, uterine bleeding, anal/uterine prolapse
Tendency of diseases; Outwards Sweating (spontaneous, night)
Tendency of diseases; Inwards Internal transmission of exterior syndrome
What application of herbs would you use for upward and interior conditions? Lifting and floating herbs (yang)
What application of herbs would you use for an exterior syndrome Lifting and floating herbs (yang)
What application of herbs would you use for lower and interior conditions Lower and sinking herbs (yin)
What application of herbs would you use for interior syndrome Lower and sinking herbs (yin)
Pungent or sweet Lifting and floating action
What temperature would give you a lifting and floating action? Hot or warm
Bitter, sour or salty (action) Lowering and sinking action
Which temperatures would give you a Loring and sinking action Cold or cool
Leaves and flowers will give you what sort of action? Lifting and/or floating action
Roots, seeds, fruit, animal, mineral will give you what sort of action? Lowering and/or sinking action
We use wine to process herbs for what symptoms, looking for what results? Lowering and sinking symptoms, with lifting and floating results
We use a salt solution to process herbs for what symptoms, looking for what results? Lifting and floating symptoms, with lowering and sinking results
What are some cooking utensils we use for preparing Chinese herbs? Nonmetallic pots soil pots,glass pots no aluminum
What are some solvents we use for cooking Chinese herbs? Water, wine, vinegar, milk, and Infant urine
The cooking fire for preparing Chinese herbs should be? First High heat bring to boil, then continue low heat, and simmer for a long periods (an hour or more)
Preparing the decoction for the same daily dose? Cook 2 or 3 times, first cook fill 3/4 full boil to 1/2 drain, reuse ingredients for 2* cook fill 2/3 to a half, drain, combine together drink 1/2 morning 1/2 night
Drinking cold decoctions will treat what? Heat disorders
Drinking hot decoctions will treat what? Cold disorders
What are the six cooking procedures? Prolonged cooking, add near end short Cooking, decoced in gauze, decocted separately, dissolved in decoction, Taken w/strained decoction
Treaties on injury by cold written by? Zhang zhong-jing
According to the treaties on injury by cold, fevers are classified according to their progression through the 6 channels in what order Taiyang, yangming, shaoyang, taiyin, shaoyin and jueyin
What is the wen bing Warm diseases. Several diseases due to injury by heat, enter the body through nose and mouth, four level classification of fevers: wei, qi, ying, xue
1 jin = (in Chinese measurements) 16 liang
1 liang = (in Chinese measurements) 10 qian
1 qian = 10 fen
1 fen= 10 li
1 liang = x grams 30 grams
1qian=x grams 3 grams
1 fen= x grams 0.3 gram
1 li= x grams .03 grams
Shang han lun or shang han za bing lun Formulas Cold damage
Invasion of yang ming channel will have what symptoms 4 bigs. Big thirst. Big fever. Big sweat. Big pulse.
Huang di nei jing Yellow emperor's inner classic. 2nd century. Theory&acupunture.
Invasion of yang ming organs will have what symptoms 4 signs plus constipation. Hardness dryness heaviness distension.
Created by: Jkellycal