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8 principle tcm

Pattern id 1 midterm review

QuestionAnswer
Anger makes Qi? Rise
Anger affects what organ? The liver
Joy makes Qi? Slow down
Joy affects what organ? The heart
Saddness makes Qi? Dissolve
Sadness affects what organ? Lungs and heart
Worry affects what organ? Lungs and spleen
Worry and pensiveness makes Qi? Knots
Pensiveness affects what organ? Spleen
Fear makes Qi? Descend
Fear affects what organ? Kidneys
Shock makes Qi? Scatter
Shock affects what organ? Heart
All emotions in someway affect what organ? The heart
Interior – exterior, cold – hot, full – empty, yin-yang Eight principal pattern ID
What are the six external evils? Wind, heat, cold, summer heat, damp and dryness
What are some symptoms of exterior wind – cold? Fever and aversion to cold, headache and body ache, thin white tongue coating, floating pulse
What are the symptoms of exterior wind – heat? Fever and aversion to cold, headache and body ache, thin white tongue coating, floating pulse, sore throat, and some sweat
Cold Bi? Usually one joint and is relieved heat
Wind Bi Pain moves from joint to joint
damp Bi Swelling in the joints
Heat Bi Pain is severe, joints are warm and possibly swollen, relieved by ice
What kind of fever does exterior cold/wind cold have? Slight fever
What kind of fever does exterior heat/wind heat have? Fever!
What kind of fever does exterior empty have? Slight or no fever
What kind of fever does exterior full have? Fever
What kind of aversion if any does exterior cold/wind cold have? Strong aversion to cold
What kind of aversion if any does exterior heat/wind heat have? Aversion to cold
What kind of aversion, if any, does exterior empty have? Aversion to wind
What kind of aversion if any, does exterior full have? Aversion to cold
What kind of body aches, if any, does exterior cold/wind cold have? Severe bodyaches
What kind of body aches, if any, does exterior heat/wind heat have? Minor body aches
What kind of body aches, if any does exterior empty have? Slight body aches
What kind of body aches, if any, does exterior full have? Severe bodyaches
No thirst or thirsts for warm drinks indicates what exterior pattern? Exterior cold/wind cold
Thirst indicates what exterior pattern? Exterior heat/wind heat
In eight principal pattern identification no sweating is a sign of what? Exterior cold/wind cold or exterior full
In the eight pattern principal identification slight sweating is an indication of what? Exterior heat/wind heat
In the eight principal pattern identification a runny nose or stuffy nose with clear or white mucus indicate? Exterior cold/wind cold
In the eight printable pattern identification a sticky yellow nasal mucus is an indication of what? Exterior heat/Wind heat
If someone has a floating tight pulse it is an indication of what? Exterior cold/wind cold or exterior full
If someone has a floating rapid pulse it is an indication of what? Exterior heat/wind heat
If someone has a floating slow pulse it is an indication of what? Exterior empty
Exterior cold/wind cold, exterior empty and exterior full all have what kind of tongue coating A thin white tongue coating
Exterior heat/wind heat will have what type of tongue coating? A thin white tongue coating or a thin yellow tongue coating with possible redness on the sides and/or front
Thirst a feeling of heat mental recklessness and a red face are indications of what interior pathological factor Full heat
Dry stools scanty dark urine, rapid full pulse, And a tongue with a yellow coating are indications of what interior pathological factor Full heat
A feeling of heat in the afternoon or evening, and a dry mouth with the desire to drink in the small sips are an indication of what interior pathological factor Empty heat/ Yin deficiency
A dry throat at night, night sweating, the feeling of heat in chest, palms&soles (5 palm heat)& dry stools is an indication of what interior pathological factor? Empty heat
Feeling cold, cold in the limbs, no thirst, and a pale face are indications of what interior pathological factor Full cold
Abdominal pain worse w/pressure, desire to drink warm liquids, loose stools w/clear abundant urination indicates what interior pathological factor? Full cold
A deep full tight pulse is an indication of what interior pathological factor Full cold
A pale tongue with a thick white coat is an indication of what interior pathological factor? Full cold
Feeling cold, cold in a limb, with a dull pale face and no thirst is an indication of what interior pathological factor? Empty cold
Abdominal pain that likes pressure and warmth, listlessness and sweating are all signs of what exterior pathological factor Empty cold
What are two types of exterior conditions? Those that have an acute onset and affect the exterior and those that affect the channels which I have a slower more chronic on set
If a person tends to be deficient of Qi and blood the pattern is considered to be? Empty in character
If an exterior factor invading the channels is chronic it causes? Painful obstruction syndrome (Bi syndrome)
The pattern is defined as being interior when it affects the what? The deeper levels of the body; internal organs, Qi, blood
What are some causes of internal syndromes? Developed from exterior syndrome, external pathogenic factors Can directly invade the interior, emotions, diet, overworked, stress
External pathogenic factors can directly invade the interior through what organs? Cold can invade, The stomach the uterus or the intestines
The main sign and symptom of a disease that has moved from exterior to interior is? The disappearance of aversion to cold and the onset of aversion to heat, fever becomes stronger.
Some other signs and symptoms that a disease has moved from the exterior to the interior are? Restlessness, thirst, dark urine, constipation, red tongue with yellow coat, and rapid pulse
Restlessness and cough are signs of what? Heat
Transmission from interior to exterior syndrome Will have what indications? A rash and blisters appears on the skins or through treatment restlessness and coughs become less after sweating
Other signs of full (excess) heat are? Skin eruptions, painful burning sensations, loss of blood with large quantities of dark red blood.
In regards to the mind, any condition of extreme restlessness or manic behavior indicates what? Heat in the blood
What is the etiology of internal full heat or excess heat? Overconsumption of hot energy foods, emotional stress or by external pathogenic factors penetrating to the interior and turning into heat
Emotional stress tends to cause Qi to what? Stagnant
If Qi stagnates for an extended period of time it may give rise to what? Heat
If Qi stagnate for a very long time the heat that is produced will eventually turn into? Fire
Full heat or excess heat is a manifestation of? Excess Yang
Empty heat or deficiency heat arises from? A deficiency of Yin
If your yin is deficient for a prolonged period of time what will occur? It will be consumed and the yang will appear to be in excess
Yin deficiency is also know as? Empty heat
Yang deficiency is also known as ? Empty heat
From a Yin Yang point of view Full cold arises from? Excess of Yin
How does cold normally cause pain? Constricts, contracts and obstructs
What does anything white or blueish – purple indicate? Usually Cold; example pale face, pale tongue, bluish lips, or fingers
Exterior cold/full cold can sometimes directly penetrate into the interior, the three most common places this occurs are? Stomach, intestines, uterus
What does exterior cold/full cold cause when it penetrates directly into the stomach? Vomiting and epigastric pain
What does exterior cold/full cold cause when it penetrates directly into the intestines? Diarrhea and abdominal pain
What does exterior cold/full cold cause when it penetrates directly into the uterus? Acute dysmenorrhea
What is the etiology of full cold? Excessive consumption of cold energy foods, or external cold invasion
From the Yin Yang point of view empty cold arises from what? Yang deficiency
When does empty cold develop? When Yang is weak and fails to warm the body
What is the most common cause of empty cold/yang deficiency? Spleen yang deficiency
Why does spleen need Yang ? Warmth to perform its function of transformation and transportation of food
When spleen is deficient of Yang, food is not transform properly and what will occur loose stools
What is the etiology (cause) of empty cold/yang deficiency? Excessive physical work, diet/too much cold food, excessive sexual activity/kidney yang , internal cold injuring Yang
What occurs when a patient has a pre-existing condition of interior heat and is simultaneously invaded by wind cold (exterior)? Exterior cold and interior heat
What are the signs and symptoms of exterior cold and interior heat? Fever aversion to cold, no sweating, headaches, bodyaches, thirst, irritability, fine rapid pulse, yellow tongue coating
What kind of pulse would exterior cold and interior heat have? Fine-rapid pulse
What occurs when a patient has a cold condition/yang deficiency and is attacked by wind heat ( exterior) Exterior heat and interior cold
What are the signs and symptoms of exterior heat and interior cold? exterior heat invasion (fever, sore throat, thirst, headache, floating rapid pulse) w/interior cold signs (loose stools, chills, no thirst, profuse pale urine)
What are some patterns of combined heat and cold? Since heat tends to rise you can have the pattern where heat is above and cold is below.
Spleen yang deficiency and liver fire are an example of? Combined heat and cold
And example of combined heat and cold is? Kidney yang deficiency and damp heat in the bladder
The patient has fever, but likes to be covered with blankets, thirst, but prefers warm drinks, malar flush and a floating-large but weak pulse. Loose stools, clear urine, pale tongue with white coating? True cold and false heat
The patient has a high fever, red facial complexion, Burning sensation in the chest and abdomen, thirst, cold limbs but no aversion to cold, aversion to heat, deep but forceful pulse True heat and false cold
The patients thirst is for cold drinks, irritability, dry throat, scanty dark yellow and urine constipation True heat and false cold
What is a full/excess condition caused by? An external pathogenic invasion, this function of the organs leading to accumulation or stagnation, Organ heat or fire
An acute onset, restlessness, irritability, strong voice, course breathing, pain aggravated by pressure, constipation, full pulse are examples of what pattern? Full pattern signs and symptoms
Empty/deficiency General signs and symptoms Tiredness, loose stools, weak voice, slightly pale tongue, weak pulse
What does a mixed full and empty pattern refer to? A situation where excess and deficiency exist simultaneously
Deficiency leading to excess example is? Spleen Qi deficiency leading to damp accumulation
Excess leading to deficiency example is? Exterior with the cold going untreated and moving interior turning into heat and damaging Yin and fluids
Interior, empty and cold are considered what? Yin
Exterior, floaters and heat are considered what? Yang
Empty Yin/yin deficiency symptoms and signs? Feeling of heat in the afternoon or evening, dry throat worse at night, night sweating, floating – empty pulse, tongue with no coating
Collapse of Yin is a severe deficiency what are the signs and symptoms? Abundant perspiration, skin hot on palpitation, dry mouth at desire to drink cold liquids in small sips, retention of urine, constipation, floating – empty and rapid pulse and a red peeled, short and dry tongue
Empty yang/yang deficiency what are the signs and symptoms? Chills, pale face, cold limbs, desire for hot drinks, loose stools, frequent pale urination, weak pulse, pale wet tongue
what are the signs and symptoms of Collapse of yang? Chills, cold limbs, weak breathing, perfuse sweating with an oily sweat, no thirst, frequent perfuse urination, loose stools, Minute-deep pulse, and pale/wet/swollen/short tongue
Created by: Jkellycal