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OS Ch 11 Terms

TermDefinition
Administrative Tools A group of tools accessed though Control Panel that you can use to manage the local computer or other computers on the network.
Clean Boot A process of starting Windows with basic set of drivers and startup programs that can be useful when software does not install properly.
Computer Management A Windows console (compmgmt.msc) that contains several administrative tools used by support technicians to manage the local computer or other computers on the network.
Console A window that consolidates several Windows administrative tools.
DirectX A Microsoft software development tool that software developers can use to write multimedia applications, such as games, video-editing software, and computer-aided design software.
dxdiag.exe A Windows command used to display information about hardware and diagnose problems with DirectX.
Event Viewer A Windows tool (eventvwr.msc) useful for troubleshooting problems with Windows, applications, and hardware. It displays logs of significant events, such as a hardware or network failure, OS failure, OS error messages, a device or service that has failed t
Executive services In Windows, a group of components running in kernel mode that interfaces between the subsystems in user mode and the HAL (hardware abstraction layer).
HAL (hardware abstraction layer) The low level part of Windows, written specifically for each CPU technology, so that only the HAL must change when platform components change.
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT (HKCR) A Windows registry key that stores information to determine which application is opened when the user double-clicks a file.
HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG (HKCC) A Windows registry key that contains information about the hardware configuration that is used by the computer at startup.
HKEY_CURRENT_USER (HKCU) A Windows registry key that contains data about the current user. The key is built when the user signs in using the data kept in the HKEY_USERS key and data kept in the Ntuser.dat file of the current user.
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE (HKLM) An important Windows registry key that contains hardware, software, and security data. The key is built using data taken from the SAM hive, the Security hive, the Software hive, and the System hive and from data collected at startup about the hardware.
HKEY_USERS (HKU) A Windows registry key that contains data about all users and is taken from the Default hive.
Kernel The portion of the OS that is responsible for interacting with the hardware.
Kernel mode A Windows "privileged" processing mode that has access to hardware components.
Microsoft Management Console (MMC) A Windows utility to build customized consoles. These consoles can be saved to a file with a .msc file extension.
Multimonitor taskbar The Windows 8 option to extend the desktop toolbar across multiple monitors. Use the taskbar properties box to adjust the taskbar.
Multiple monitor misalignment When the display is staggered across multiple monitors, making the display difficult to read. Fix the problem by adjusting the display in the Windows Screen Resolution window.
Multiple monitor orientation When the display does not accurately represent the relative positions of multiple monitors. Use the Windows Screen Resolution window to move the display of each monitor so they are oriented correctly.
Native resolution The actual (and fixed) number of pixels built into an LCD monitor. For the clearest display, always set the resolution to the native resolution.
Performance Monitor A Microsoft Management Console snap-in that can track activity by hardware and software to measure performance.
Print Management A utility located in the Administrative Tools group in Windows 8/7/Vista professional and business editions that allows you monitor and manage printer queues for all printers on the network.
Process A program that is running under the authority of the shell, together with the system resources assigned under it.
ReadyBoost A Windows utility that uses a flash drive or secure digital (SD) memory card to boost hard drive performance.
Refresh Rate As applied to monitors,the number of times in one second the monitor can fill the screen with lines from top to bottom.
Registry A database that Windows uses to store hardware and software configuration information, user preferences, and setup information.
Registry Editor The Windows utility (regedit.exe) used to edit the Windows registry.
Reliability and Performance Monitor A Vista utility (perfmon.msc) that collects, records, and displays events, called Data Collector Sets, that can help track the performance and reliability of Windows.
Reliability Monitor A Windows 8/7 utility the provides information about problems and errors that happen over time.
resolution The number of pixels on a monitor screen that are addressable by software.
services console A console used by Windows to stop, start, and manage background services used by Windows and applications.
shell The portion of the OS that relates to the user and to applications.
snap-in A Windows utility that can be installed in a console window by Microsoft Management Console.
System Configuration A Window utility (msconfig.exe) that can identify what processes are launched at startup and can temporarily disable a process from loading.
Task Manager A Windows utility (taskmgr.exe) that lets you view the applications and processes running on your computer as well as information about process, and memory performance, network activity, and user activity.
Task Scheduler A Windows tool that can set a task or program to launch at a future time, including at startup.
thread Each process that the processor is aware of; a single task that is part of a longer task or request from a program.
user mode In Windows, a mode that provides an interface between an application and the OS, and only has access to hardware resources though the code running in kernel mode.
Created by: drewtang40