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Art Test #1

What are some of the purposes or reasons why people create art? Utility, religion, politics, information/history, aesthetics
Utility It describes an artwork's usefulness or function
Religion People have created artwork for ceremonies/rituals (to support religious beliefs and activities
Paradigms Classic examples
Politics For propaganda; often expressive
Information/History To tell history in a narrative way (visual record of history)
Aesthetics (why do we create art?) For decoration; art which is beautiful and thought-provoking
Archaeology The unearthing and study of evidence from past cultures which have been hidden from human eyes for centuries
What are the 4 components of art education? Aesthetics, art history, art production, art criticism
Aesthetics (component of art education) The philosophy of art; refers to personal responses to work
Art History Provides the setting and context for a work of art; reflects the times and cultures of the people who produced them
Art Production The creation of art
Art Criticism Analyzing artwork; explaining and judging works of art
Narrative Subjects Tell a story without words
Religious Subjects Figures from any religion can be the subject of art
Literary Subjects Illustrating scenes from literature
Landscapes Artwork depicting the natural environment
Cityscapes Views taking place in the urban environment
The Figure Artwork depicting the human body
The Portrait Representations of people
Self-Portraits Artists creating artwork of themselves
Historical subjects Artwork depicting historical events
Genre Subjects Artwork depicting normal, everyday activities of ordinary people
Social Comment Artwork depicting visual statements about the artist's society or the world
Still Life A painting of inanimate objects (things that cannot move)
Animals Depictions of birds, mammals, etc.
Expression Artwork depicting feelings or emotions
Abstraction Simplification of subject matter into basic often geometric shapes
Nonobjective Artwork that has no recognizable subject matter
Drawing Pencil, charcoal, ink, pastel
Painting Fresco (painting on wet plaster), tempera (poster paint), oil, watercolor, acrylic
Cohage Cut paper, fabric etc. applied to a surface to create a design
Printmaking Woodcut, intaglio, lino-cut, Lithograph, serigraph
Sculpture Bronze, steel, wood, marble, plastic
Crafts Fibers, glass, clay, furniture, mosaics, metalwork
Line A path traced by a moving point
Shape The general outline of an object (2-D)
What can a shape be? Geometric or organic (free form or irregular)
Form The 3-D equivalent of shape
What can form be? Geometric or organic
Texture The roughness or smoothness of a surface
What can texture be? Simulated (implied) or real (actual)
Space Can be flat or show the illusion of depth or perspective
What can space be? Linear perspective and atmospheric perspective (aerial perspective)
Color/Hue The effect of the reflection of light on the back of the eye or retina
What are the primary hues? Red, yellow, blue
What are and how do you make secondary colors? By mixing two primaries; orange, green, purple
How do you make intermediate/tertiary colors? By mixing one primary and one secondary color
Complementary colors Opposite colors on the color wheel
What are the warm colors? Red, yellow, and orange
What are the cool colors? Blue, green, purple
Value The lightness or darkness of pencil tones or colors
Balance The distribution of visual weight in a work of art
Symmetrical Balance Formal balance is equal on both sides; mirror image
Asymmetrical Balance Not the same on both sides; informal balance
Unity Combines the principles of design and the physical aspects of a painting to create a single, harmonious artwork
Emphasis/focal point/center of interest The first thing your eye sees in a work of art
Contrast Differences in a work of art using art elements
Pattern Repetition of art elements
Rhythm Art elements are repeated to create movement in an artwork
Movement Movement directs the viewer's eyes to the center of interest; shows action in a work of art
Created by: archergirl