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Today's Technology

Introducing Today's Technology

TermDefinition
Laptop Also called a notebook computer, is a thin, light-weight mobile computer with a screen in its lid and a keyboard in its base.
Computer An electronic device operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory.
Tablet A thin lighter weight mobile computer that has a touch screen.
Desktop A personal computer designed to be in a stationary location.
All in One Does not use a tower and instead uses the same case to house the display and the processing circuitry.
Server A computer dedicated to providing one or more services to other computers or devices on a network.
Smartphone An internet capable phone that usually includes a calendar, address book, notepad, games and other apps.
Digital Camera A device that allows you to take photos and store the photographed images digitally.
Portable Media Player A mobile device on which you can store, organize and play or view digital media.
E-Book Reader A mobile device that is used primarily for reading e-books.
Wearable Device A small, mobile computing consumer device designed to be worn. (Fit bit, smart watch)
Game Console A mobile computing device designed for single-player or multi-player video games.
Digital Device Convergence Consumers may need fewer devices for the functionality that they require.
Input Device Any hardware component that allows you to enter data and instructions into a computer or mobile device.
Output Device Any hardware component that conveys information from a computer or mobile device to one or more people.
Printer An output device that produces text and graphics on a physical medium such as paper.
Memory Electronic components that store instructions waiting to be executed and the data needed by those instructions.
Storage Media Examples of storage media include hard disks, sold-state drives, USB flash drives, memory cards and optical disks.
Storage Device Records and/or retrieves items to and from storage media (DVD Drive)
Cloud Storage Internet service that provides remote storage to computer users.
Back up A duplicate of content on a storage medium that you can use in case the original is lost, damaged or destroyed.
Internet A worldwide collection of computer networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individual.
Web A worldwide collection of electronic documents.
Web page An electronic document on the internet.
Web site A collection of related web pages.
Web server A computer that delivers requested web pages to your computer or mobile device.
Browser Software that enables users with an Internet connection to access and view web pages on a computer or mobile device.
Search Engine Software that finds web sites, web pages, images, music and videos.
Online Social Network A web site that encourages members in its online community to share their interests, ideas, stories, photos, music and videos with other registered users.
Green computing Reducing the electricity consumed and environmental waste generated when using a computer.
Software A series of related instructions, organized for a common purpose that tells the computer what tasks to perform and how to perform them.
Application Programs to designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasks.
Communication Device Hardware capable of transferring items from computers and devices to transmission media and vice versa.
Bluetooth Uses short-wave radio signals to enable Bluetooth-enabled computers and devices to communicate with each other.
Cell phones All phones that use mobile, cellular technology.
Telephony The use of equipment to provide voice communications over a distance
Feature phones Inexpensive phones that have modest processors, simpler interfaces, and often no touch screen.
Base Transceiver Station A large communications tower with antennae, amplifiers, receivers and transmitters.
Mobile Switching Center Monitors the strength of the signal between your cell phone and the closest base station.
Analog to digital converter chip Converts the sound wave of your voice into digital signals.
Digital Signal Processor Compresses the digital signal of your voice so that it will transnit more quickly to another phone.
Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP) A voice based internet communication that turns a standard internet connection into a means to make phone calls.
GPS A network of 21 satellites that constantly orbit earth.
Synchronizing Updating your data so that your information on your cell phone and computer are the same.
SMS (Short Messaging Service) A technology that lets you send short text messages, up to160 characters, over cellular networks.
MMS (Multi-Media Messaging Service) A technology that lets you send messages that include text, sound, images and video clips to other phones or e-mail addresses
Cloud Computing An environment that provides resources and services accessed via the Internet
Computer Vision Syndrome A technology-related health condition that affects eyesight.
Connector Joins a cable to a port
Digital Media Player A device, typically used in a home, that streams digital media from a computer or network to a television, projector or some other entertainment device.
Embedded Computer A special-purpose computer that functions as a component in a larger product.
Ergonomics An applied science devoted to incorporating comfort, efficiency, and safety into the design of items in the workplace.
Handheld game device A small mobile device that contains a screen, speakers, controls, and game console all in one unit.
Mobile Computer A portable, personal computer, such as a laptop or tablet, designed so that a user can carry it from place to place.
Mobile Device A computing device small enough to hold in your hand.
NFC Near Field Communication used close-range radio signals to transmit data between to NFC-enabled devices.
Overvoltage aka Power Surge, occurs when the incoming electrical supply or voltage increases, often defined as more than 5%, above normal volts.
Port The point at which a peripheral device attaches to or communicates with a computer or mobile device.
Power Surge aka Overvoltage, occurs when the incoming electrical supply or voltage increases, often defined as more than 5%, above normal volts.
Resolution The number of horizontal and vertical pixels in a display.
Surge Protector Uses electrical components to provide a stable current flow and minimize the chances of an overvoltage reaching the computer and other electronic equipment.
Technology Addiction When technology use consumes someone's entire social life.
Undervoltage Occurs when the electrical supply or voltage drops, often defined as more than 5%, below the normal volts.
Uninterruptible power supply A device that contains surge protection circuits and one or more batteries that can provide power during a temporary or permanent loss of power.
USB port Universal serial bus port, can connect up to 127 different peripheral devices together with a single connector.
Wi-Fi Wireless Fidelity - uses radio signals that conform to 802.11 standards
Adware A program that displays an online advertisement in a banner, a pop up window or pop-under window.
Back door A program or set of instructions in a program that allows users to bypass security controls when accessing a program.
Biometric Device Authenticates a person's identity by translating a personal characteristic, such as a fingerprint, into digital code.
Botnet A group of compromised computers or mobile devices connected to a network that are used to attack other networks.
Code of Conduct A written guideline that helps determine whether a specification is ethical/unethical or allowed/not allowed.
Computer Crime Any illegal act involving the use of a computer or related devices
Content filtering The process of restricting access to certain material.
Cookie A small text file that a web server stores on your computer.
Cracker Someone who accesses a computer or network illegally with the intent of destroying data, stealing information or other malicious action.
Cybercrime Online or internet-based illegal acts such as distributing malicious software or committing identity theft.
Cyberextortionist Someone who demands payment to stop an attack on an organization's technology infrastructure.
Cyberterrorist Someone who uses the Internet or network to destroy or damage computers for political reasons.
Decrypt The process of decoding data.
Denial of Service Attack An assault whose purpose is to disrupt computer access to an internet service, such as the web or email.
Digital Certificate A notice that guarantees a user or a website is legitimate.
Digital Forensics The discovery, collection and analysis of evidence found on computers and networks.
Digital Security Risk Any event or action that could cause a loss of or damage to computer or mobile device hardware, software, data, information or processing capability.
Digital Signature An encrypted code that a person, website, or organization attaches to an electronic message to verify the identity of the message sender.
Disaster Recovery Plan A written plan that describes the steps an organization would take to restore its computer operations in the event of a disaster.
Employee Monitoring The use of computers, mobile devices or cameras to observe, record and review an employees use of a technology.
Encryption The process of converting data that is readable by humans into encoded characters to prevent unauthorized access.
Fingerprint reader Captures curves and indentations of a fingerprint.
Firewall Hardware and/or software that protects a network's resources from intrusion by users on another network, such as the Internet.
Hacker Someone who accesses a computer or network illegally
Information Privacy The right of individuals and companies to deny or restrict the collection, use, and dissemination of information about them.
Information Theft When someone steals personal or confidential information.
License Agreement The right to use software.
Malware Programs that act without a user's knowledge and deliberately alter the operation of computers and mobile devices.
Online security service A web app that evaluates your computer or mobile device to check for Internet and email vulnerabilities.
Password A private combination of characters associated with the user name that allows access to certain computer resources.
Personal firewall A software firewall that detects and protects a personal computer and its data from unauthorized intrusions.
Phishing A scam in which a perpetrator sends an official looking email message that attempts to obtain your personal and/or financial information.
Pin Sometimes called a passcode, is a numeric password.
Piracy The unauthorized and illegal duplication of copyrighted software
Product Activation A process to ensure the software is not installed on more computers than legally licensed.
Restore Copying the backed up files to their original location on the computer or mobile device.
Script kiddie Someone who has the same intent as a cracker but does not have the technical skills and knowledge.
Secure site A website that uses encryption techniques to secure its data
Social engineering Gaining unauthorized access to or obtaining confidential information by taking advantage of the trusting human nature of some victims.
Software piracy The unauthorized and illegal duplication of copyrighted software.
Software theft Occurs when someone steals software media, intentionally erases programs, illegally registers and/or activates a program, or illegally copies a program.
Spoofing A technique intruders use to make their network or Internet transmission appear legitimate to a victim computer or network.
Spyware A program placed on a computer or mobile device without the user's knowledge that secretly collects information about the users and sends it to an outside source.
Technology ethics The moral guidelines that govern the use of computers, mobile devices, information systems and related technologies.
Two-step verification A computer or mobile device uses two separate methods, one after the next, to verify the identity of a user.
User name A unique combination of characters, such as letters of the alphabet or numbers, that identifies one specific user.
Web filtering software A program that restricts access to specified websites.
Zombie A compromised computer whose owner is unaware the device is being controlled remotely by an outsider.
Accounting software An application that helps businesses of all sizes record and report their financial transactions.
Adware remover A program that detects and deletes adware.
Anti-spam program A filtering program that attempts to remove spam before it reaches your inbox or forum.
Antivirus program Protects a computer against viruses by identifying and removing any computer viruses found in memory.
App Short for application.
Application Programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasks.
Audio editing software An application that enables users to modify audio clips, produce studio-quality soundtracks and add audio to video clips.
Backup tool Allows users to copy or back up selected files or the contents of an entire storage medium to another storage location.
Calendar and contact management software An application that helps you organize your calendar, keep track of your contacts and share this information with other users, who can share this information with other users.
Clip art/image gallery A collection of clip art and photos.
Computer-aided design An application that assists professionals and designers in creating engineering, architectural and scientific designs and models.
Database A collection of data organized in a manner that allows access, retrieval and use of that data.
Database software An application that allows users to create, access, and manage a database.
Desktop publishing software An application that enables designers to create sophisticated publications that contain text, graphics and many colors.
Disc burning software Writes text, graphics, audio, and video files on a recordable or rewritable disc
Disk cleanup A tool that searches for and removes unnecessary files.
Disk defragmenter A tool that reorganizes the files and unused space on a computer's hard disk so that the operating system accesses data more quickly and programs run faster.
Document management software An application that provides a means for sharing, distributing and searching through documents by converting them into a format that can be viewed by any user.
File compression tool Shrinks the size of a file.
File manager A tool that performs functions related to file management.
Folder A specific named location on a storage medium that contains related files.
Image editing software An application that provides the capabilities of paint software and also includes the capability to enhance and modify existing photos and images.
Image viewer A tool that allows users to display, copy, and print the contents of a graphics file, such as a photo.
Legal software An application that assists in the preparation of legal documents.
Media player A program that allows you to view images and animations, listen to audio, and watch video files on your computer or mobile device.
Multimedia authoring software Allows user to combine text, graphics, audio, video and animation in an interactive application.
Note taking software An application that enables users to enter typed text, handwritten comments, drawings, sketches, photos and links anywhere on a page and then save the page as part of a notebook.
Paint software An application that allows users to draw pictures, shapes and other graphics with various on-screen tools.
PC maintenance tool A program that identifies and fixes operating system problems, detects and repairs drive problems, and includes the capability of improving a computer's performance.
PDF Portable Document Format
Personal Finance software A simplified accounting application that helps home users and small/home office users balance their checkbooks, pay bills, track personal income and evaluate financial plans.
Personal firewall A security tool that detects and protects a pc and its data from unauthorized intrusions.
Photo editing software A type of image editing software that allows users to edit and customize digital photos.
Photo management software Allows you to view, organize, sort, catalog, print and share digital photos.
Pop under blocker A filtering program that stops pop unders from displaying on web pages.
Pop up blocker A filtering program that stops pop ups from displaying on web pages.
Presentation software An application that allows users to create visual aids for presentations to communicate ideas, messages and other information to a group.
Program A series of related instructions, organized for a common purpose, that tells the computer what tasks to perform and how to perform them.
Project management software An application that allows a user to plan, schedule, track and analyze the events, resources and costs of a project.
QR code A square-shaped graphic that represents a web address or other information.
restore tool Reverses the back up process and returns backed up files to their original form.
screen saver A tool that causes a display device's screen to show a moving image or blank screen if no keyboard or mouse activity occurs for a specified time.
search tool A program, usually included with an operating system, that attempts to locate a file, contact, calendar event, app or any other item stored on your computer or mobile device.
software A series of related instructions, organized for a common purpose, that tells the computer what tasks to perform and how to perform them.
software suite A collection of individual related applications available together as a unit.
spam Unsolicited email message.
spreadsheet software An application that allows users to organize data in columns and rows and perform calculations on the data.
spyware remover A program that detects and deletes spyware and similar programs.
tax preparation software An application that can guide individuals, families or small businesses through the process of filing taxes
uncompress Restoring a compressed file to its original form.
uninstaller A tool that removes a program, as well as any associated entries in the system files.
video editing software An application that enables users to modify audio clips, produce studio-quality soundtracks and add audio to video clips.
virus A potentially damaging program that affects a computer or device negatively by altering the way it works.
web filtering software A program that restricts access to certain material on the web.
website authoring software Helps users of all skill levels create related webpages that include graphics, video, audio, animation, special effects with interactive content and blog posts.
word processing software An application that allows users to create and manipulate documents containing mostly text and sometimes graphics.
worksheet A collection of rows and columns.
zipped files Another name for a compressed file.
Created by: slucas302a