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surgical procedures

What is a Cholecystectomy
Pathological conditions of the esophagus fall into four major categories Hiatal hernia and reflux esophagitis Esophageal motility disorders Neoplasms Trauma
Surgical procedure performed to correct a hiatal hernia Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication
Surgical creation of an opening from the gastric mucosa to the skin Gastrostomy
Reasons for performing a gastrostomy Performed to provide nutrition “feeding” to the patient or to decompress and drain the stomach May be performed in conjunction with a gastrectomy
Involves removal of the stomach and reconstitution of the alimentary tract Total Gastrectomy
Subtotal gastrectomy types Billroth I: removal of pylorus of the stomach and end-to-end anastomosis of remaining stomach and duodenum Billroth II: cut ends of duodenum are closed and jejunum is anastomosed to the stomach
Pathological conditions that affect the bowel Appendectomy liver tumors, pancreatic carcinoma, cholecystitis, hernias,
Performed for acute appendicitis or incidentally during other surgery as a prophylactic measure Appendectomy
Communication of a section of bowel with the outside of the abdominal cavity Stoma
Reasons for stoma surgery Created to divert the fecal stream Done temporarily to protect a recent intestinal anastomosis, to avoid potential abdominal spillage postoperatively, or an end result of bowel resection
Most commonly performed to excise hepatocellular tumor Also performed as part of treatment for carcinoma of the gallbladder, to resolve uncontrollable bleeding or parenchymal maceration following abdominal trauma, or for transplant Liver resection
Commonly traumatized and removed during emergency surgery Spleen
Performed for managing tumors of the head of the pancreas Requires both resection and reconstruction Whipple
Removal of the entire breast including axillary lymph nodes Used in Stage I and II breast cancer or in conjunction with chemotherapy and radiation treatments for Stage III and IV breast cancer Modified radical mastectomy
Surgical removal of the thyroid gland Parathyroid glanThyroidectomy ds must be spared A life-threatening condition associated with the parathyroid glands is tetany If all four glands are removed, the patient will experience hypoparathyroidism, which Thyroidectomy
Created by: spingram