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Operating Systems 2

Answer File A text file (.bat) that contains information that Windows requires in order to do an unattended installation
Batch File A text file containing a series of OS command (.bat)
BIOS (basic input/output system) Firmware that can control much of a computer's input/output functions, such as communication with the keyboard and monitor
Boot Loader Menu A startup menu that gives the user the choice of which OS to load, when both are installed on the system, creating a dual boot
Certificate of Authenticity A sticker that contains the Windows product key
Clean Install Used to install Windows on a new had drive or to overwrite the existing OS and applications when installing Windows on a hard drive that already has Windows
Compatibility Mode A group of settings that can be applied to older drivers or applications that might cause them to work using a newer version of Windows than the one the programs were designed to use
Custom Installation The option to overwrite the existing OS and applications, producing a clean install of the new OS.
Deployment Strategy A procedure to install Windows, device drivers, and applications on a computer, and can include the process to transfer user settings, application settings, and user data files from an old installation to the new one
Device Driver Small program on Windows that tells the OS how to communicate with a specific piece of hardware
Device Manager The primary Windows tool for managing hardware
Disc Image Synonymous with ISO Image
Diskpart A windows command to manage hard drives, partitions, and volumes
Distribution Server A file server holding Windows setup files
Distribution Share The collective files in the installation that include Windows, device drivers, and apps
Drive Imaging Making an exact image of a hard drive to replicate a hard drive on another system, or recover from a hard drive crash
Dual Boot The ability to boot using either of 2 OSes
File System The overall structure that an OS uses to name, store, and organize files on a disk
GUID Partition Table (GPT) One of two methods used to organize partitions on a hard drive. Can support 128 partitions and is reccomended for devices 2 TB or larger
Hard-Link Migration A method used by USMT that does not copy user files and settings when the source computer and destination computer are the same
High-Touch using a Standard Image Strategy to install Windows using a standard image for installation. requires technician on a local computer
High-Touch with a Retail Media Strategy to install Windows where all work is done by a technician, they also install drivers and applications afterwards
Hot-Swappable The ability to plug or unplug devices without first powering down the system
Hypervisor Software that creates and manages virtual machines on a server or on a local computer
Image Deployment Installing a standard image on a computer
In-Place Upgrade A Windows install that is launched from the desktop, carries forward user settings and apps from the old OS to the new one
ISO File see ISO image
ISO Image a file format (.iso) that holds an image of all the data stored on an optical disc
Lite-Touch, High-Volume Deployment Strategy that uses deployment server on the network to serve up a Windows installation after a technician starts the process on a local computer
Loadstate Command (USMT) to copy user settings and data temporarily stored at a safe location to a new computer
Master Boot Record (MBR) One of two methods to organize partitions on a HrDr (less than 2TB)
Microsoft Assessment and Planning (MAP) toolkit Software that can be used by a system admin from a network location to query hundreds of computers on a single scan to determine if any qualify for Windows upgrade
Multiboot see Dual Boot
Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) License Software license that only manufacturers or builders of personal computers can purchase to be installed only on a computer intended for sale
Preboot eXecution Environment or Pre-Execution Environment Programming contained in the UEFI/BIOS code on the motherboard used to start up the computer and search for a server on the network to provide a bootable OS
Product Activation The process Microsoft uses to prevent piracy
Programs and Features Window within Control Panel that lists installed programs where you can uninstall, change, or repair programs
Pull Automation A Windows install requiring a user to start process
Push Automation Install where a server pushes the install to start when the user is not likely to be at the computer
Recovery Partition Partition on a HrDr that contains a recovery utility and install files
Remote Network Installation Automated install where no user intervention is required
Repair Installation a reinstall of Windows using the recovery partition
Scanstate Command (USMT) to copy user settings and data from an old computer to a safe location
Secure Boot UEFI feature that prevents a system from booting up with drivers or OS that are not digitally signed and trusted by the motherboard or manufacturer
Service Pack collection of several patches of updates that is installed as a single update to an OS or app
Setup UEFI/BIOS used to change motherboard settings
Solid-State Drive HrDr with no moving parts
Standard Image Image that includes Windows, drivers, and apps that are standard to all the computers that might use it
Startup UEFI/BIOS part of UEFI/BIOS responsible for running the computer when it first starts up
System UEFI/BIOS UEFI/BIOS firmware on motherboard that is used to control essential devices before an OS is loaded
Third-Party driver Drivers that come from manufacturer instead of BIOS or Windows
UEFI CSM (Compatibility Support Module) Mode Legacy BIOS in UEFI firmare
Unattended Installation Windows install done by storing answers to install ?s in a txt file or answer file so the answers don't have to be typed
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) Interface between firmware on the motherboade the improves on BIOS and also manages other settings
Upgrade Advisor see Upgrade Assisstant
Upgrade Assistant Software used to find out if a system can be upgraded to Windows 8.1
Upgrade Path qualifying OS required by Windows to perform an in-place upgrade
User State Migration tool (USMT) Windows utility allowing form migration of user files and preferences between computers
Usmtutils Command (USMT) that provides encryption options and hard-link management
Virtual Machine (VM) Software that simulates the hardware of a physical computer
Virtual XP Mode term used by CompTIA for XP mode
Volume Primary Partition with a assigned letter
Windows 7 7th iteration of Windows
Windows 8.1 free update release of Windows 8
Windows 8.1 Enterprise Windows 8.1 allowing for volume licensing in large corporate environments
Windows 8.1 Pro for Students 8 Pro but cheaper
Windows 8.1 Professional/Pro supports homegroups, domains, bitlocker, etc.
Windows Assessment and Development Kit (ADK) group of tools for deploying windows 8 in large organizations
Windows Automated Installation Kit (AIK) group of tools for deploying Windows 7 in large organizations
Windows Defender Anti malware software embedded in Windows 8
Windows Easy Transfer tool used to transger data and preferences between computers
Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows Pe) Minimum OS used to start Windows installs
Windows Pro Pack upgrade for Windows 8 adding Pro features to regular 8
Windows RT Windows 8 edition that is a lighter version for tablets etc
Windows Vista 6th iteration of Windows
Windows XP Mode 5th iteration of Windows
Windows.old Folder folder that stores the previous OS as well as it's files
Zero-Touch, High-Volume Deployment Strategy for intall that does not require a user to start it, server pushes install to the computer
Created by: Thalion740