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Microsoft chap 1

TermDefinition
active directory (AD) A domain security database of user and computer information that is stored on domain controllers and referenced by domain member computers. Stored on multimaster replicating domain controllers running a server-class operating system.
Azure Ad join Feature that connects Windows 10 computers with a domain hosted in WIndows Azure AD instead of an on premises domain
Central processing unit(CPU) Device actually responsible for the actual execution of instructions stored in applications and operating system code.
Continuum The Windows 10 feature that automatically adjusts Windows 10 between desktop and tablet.
Continuum for phone The feature for WIndows 10 phones that allows external peripherals, such as a mouse, keyboard, or projectors to be used
Cortana A personalized virtual search engine that used voice recognition to accept commands
Device driver Software written by the developer of a hardware component that tells operating systems how to talk to and control the hardware
domain controller(DC) A server responsible for holding a domain security database that contains a list of user and computer accounts
Domain name system(DNS) A standard service in the TCP/IP protocol used to define how computer names are translated into IP addresses
Dynamic link library(DLL) a file that holds application code modules. these modules are shared among applications. DLL files can be replaced to update an application without having to replace everything
easy upgrade Easy upgrade from Home to professional, purchase in windows store
Encrypting file system(EFS) Part of NTFS file system that is responsible for encrypting individual files
hyperthreading Used in certain Intel processors to improve overall performance by working on more then one thread at a time
micorsoft edge new web browser for 10, redesigned to avoid legacy support issues
Microsoft passport Multi factor authentication system that avoid the use of username and password, u
moblie device management(MDM) an administrative system that allows corporate administrators to deploy, secure, monitor, and integrate devices into the corporate ecosystem
mutifactor authentication system(MFA) requires more then one method of proving someone or something is who or what they say they are
multimaster replication the replication of changes to the security domain database among multiple domain controllers
mutiprocessor A term used to refer to a computer with more then one CPU
multitouch Method of input on a touch screen that allows tow or more points of contact this enables precision gestures to interact with windows 10 environment
NT file system(NTFS) A standard for organizing files and folders on a hard disk. Prefered standard for storing files on hard disk. Moe compplex then FAT but has more management features
PIN Personal identification number
Plug and play tech General term that refers to hardware that can be plug into a computer and removed at anytime
Preemptive multitasking Method for apps to share a CPU and appear they are all running at the same time. Adds time limits and priority levels to determine how long an app can run and which goes next
process used to describe the files, memory and app code that combine together to form running app.
processor affinity a standard in which a process that starts in a computer with more than one CPU is usally assigned to that CPU again next time
quantum amount of time allocated to a program running in a preemptive multitasking environment. Once its time has expire it must wait for the next available quantum
Software Assurance(SA) An option when purchasing Microsoft software that allows you to automatically receive the newest version
System on a Chip(SOC) Hardware platform that combines multiple devices that would normally be found as discrete components inside a computer, but are combined into a single silicon chip
tablet mode Configuration optimized for touch screens
thread a piece of code that perform a specific task. AN app is written as one or more threads, each of which perform a specific task.
trusted platform module(TPM) A third party standard to define a method of trusting the computer environment before an operating is started
universal apps a developer platform strategy to enable the development of apps that can run on every Windows device
Universal Windows Platform(UWP) Available on every device that runs Windows 10. Provides a guaranteed core programming interface across devices.
Virtual Desktop allows uses to create multiple desktops with different apps and switch between then at a moments notice
Windows as a service(WaaS) Update process for Windows 10 in which new feature are continuously published and installed to existing installations
Created by: i323u2