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OperatingSystemsCh7

TermDefinition
32-bit operating system Type of operating system that processes 32 bits at a time.
64-bit operating system Type of operating system that processes 64 bits at a time.
Action Center A tool in Windows 8/7 that lists errors and issues that need attention.
Active Directory A Windows directory database and service that is used in managing a domain to allow for a single point of administration for all shared resources on a network, including files, peripheral devices, databases, websites, users, and services.
Administrative Tools A group of tools accessed through Control Panel that you can used to manage the local computer or other computers on the network.
Administrator Account In Windows, a user account that grants to the administrator rights and privileges to all hardware and software resources, such as the right to add, delete, and change hardware configurations.
Aero user Interface The Windows 7/Vista 3D user interface that gives a glass appearance.
BitLocker Drive Encryption A utility in Windows 8/7/Vista that is used to lock down a hard drive by encrypting the entire Windows volume and any other volume on the drive.
Category View Default view in Windows Control Panel that presents utilities grouped by category.
Charm A shortcut that appears in the Windows 8 charms bar.
Charm Bar A menu that appears on the right side of any Windows 8 screen when you move your pointer to a right corner.
Child Directory A directory contained in another directory or folder.
Classic View View in Windows Control Panel that presents utilities in small or large icons and are not grouped.
Client/Server Two computers communicating using a local network or the Internet. One computer makes requests to the other computer, which answers the request.
Compressed (Zipped) Folder A folder with a .zip extension that contains several administrative tools used by support technicians to manage the local computer or other computers on the network.
Console A window that consolidates several Windows administrative tools.
Control Panel A window containing several small Windows utility programs called applets that are used to manage hardware, software, users, and the system.
Date and Time applet Accessed through the Control Panel, used to set the date and time in Windows.
Device Driver A small program stored on the hard drive and installed in Windows that tells Windows how to communicate with a specific hardware device such as a printer, network, port on the motherboard, or scanner.
Domain In Windows, a logical group of networked computers, such as those on a college campus, that share a centralized directory database of user account information and security for the entire domain.
Domain Account An account that is used at the domain level, created by an administrator, and stored in the SAM (Security Accounts Manager) database on a Windows domain controller.
File Explorer The Windows 8 utility to view and manage files and folders.
File Extension A portion of the name of a file that indicates how the file is organized and formatted, the type of content in the file, and what program uses the file. In command line, the file extension follows the file name and is separated by a period.
File Name The first part of the name assigned to a file, which does not include the file extension.
Folder A folder contained in another directory or folder.
Folder Options applet Accessed through the Control Panel, manages how files and folders are displayed in File Explorer of Windows Explorer.
Gadget A mini-app that appears on the Windows 7 desktop or Vista sidebar.
Global Account An account that is used at the domain level, created by an administrator, and stored in the SAM (Security Accounts Manager) database on a Windows domain controller.
Graphical User Interface (GUI) An interface that uses graphics as compared with a command driven interface.
Hibernation A power-saving state that saves all work to the hard drive and powers down the system.
Homegroup In Windows, a type of peer-to-peer network where each computer shares files, folders, libraries, and printers with other computers in the homegroup.
Library In Windows 8/7, a collection of one or more folders that can be stored on a different local drives or on the network.
Live Sign-in Sign in to Windows 8 using a Microsoft account.
Live Tiles On the Windows 8 Start screen, some apps use live tiles, which offer continuous real-time updates.
Local Account A Windows user account that applies only to the local computer and cannot be used to access resources from other computers on the network.
Logical Topology The logical way computers connect on a network.
Metro User Interface (Metro UI) An interface that presents the Start screen to the user.
Microsoft account For Windows 8 and above, an email address and password that allows access to several types of online accounts, including Microsoft, OneDrive, Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, Skype, Outlook, and others.
Modern interface An interface that presents the Start screen to the user.
Navigation Pane In File Explorer, or the Computer window, the pane on the left side of the window where devices, drives, and folders are listed.
Network and Sharing Center The primary Windows utility used to manage network connections.
Network ID An account used at the domain level, created by the administrator, and stored in the SAM (Security Accounts Manager) database on a Windows domain controller.
Notepad A Windows text editing program.
Notification Area An area to the right of the Windows taskbar that holds the icons for running services; these services include volume and network connectivity.
OneDrive Microsoft cloud service that allows users with a Microsoft account to store, sync, and share files with other people and devices.
Operating System (OS) Software that controls a computer. An OS controls how system resources are used and provides a user interface, a way of managing hardware and software, and ways to work with files.
Patch A minor update to software that corrects an error, adds a feature, or addresses security issues.
Path A drive and list of directories pointing to a file such as C:\Windows\System32.
Peer-to-Peer (P2P) As applied to networking, a network of computers that are all equals, or peers. Each computer haas the same amount of authority, and each can act as a server to the other computers.
Physical Topology The physical arrangement of connections between computers.
Pinning To make a frequently used application more accessible, add its icon to the taskbar on the desktop.
Power Options applet Accessed through Control Panel, manages power settings to conserve power.
Quick Launch menu The menu that appears when the Windows Start button is right-clicked or the user presses Win + X.
Recycle Bin In Windows, location on the hard drive where deleted files are stored.
Root Directory The main directory, at the top of the top-dorn heirarchial structure of the subdirectories, created when a hard drive or disk is first formatted.
Security Center A Vsta utility where you can confirm Windows Firewall, Windows Update, and anti-malware settings, including that of Windows Defender and other security settings.
Service A program that runs in the background to support or serve Windows or an application.
Service Pack A collection of several patches or updates that is installedd as a single update to an OS or application.
Sidebar Located on the right side of the Vista desktop and displays Vista gadgets.
Side-by-Side apps In Windows 8, an application or page can be snapped to the left or right side of the screen so a second page can share the screen.
Single Sign-on (SSO) An account that accesses multiple, independent resources, systems, or applications after signing one time to one account.
Sleep Mode A power-saving state for a computer used to save power when not using the computer.
Sleep Timer The number of minutes of inactivity before a computer goes into a power-saving state such as sleep mode.
Sound applet Accessed through Control Panel, used to select a default speaker and microphone and adjust how Windows handles sound.
Standard Account The Windows user account type that can usesoftware and hardware and make some system changes, but can not make changes that affect the security of the system or othe users.
Start Screen Introduced in Windows 8, the Start screen contains tiles that represents lean apps, which use few system resources and are designed for social media, social networking, and the novice end user.
Subdirectory A directory or folder contained in another directoryor folder.
Suspend Mode A power-saving state for a computer used to save power when not using the computer.
System Information A Windows tool (msinfo32.exe) that provide details about a system, including installed hardware and software, the current system configuration, and currently running programs.
System Tray An area to the right of the Windows taskbar that holds the icons for running services; these services include volume and network connectivity.
System Window A window that displays breif and important infomation about installed hardware and software and gives access to important Windows tools needed to support the system.
Systray An area to the right of the Windows taskbar that holds icons for running services; these services include volume and network connectivity.
Taskbar A bar normally located at the bottom of the Windows desktop, displaying information about open programs and providing quick access to others.
User Account Control (UAC) Dialog Box A Windows security feature that displays a dialog box when an event requiring administrative privileges is about to happen.
Volume A primary partition that has been assigned a drive letter and can be formatted with a file system such as NTFS.
Windows 8.1 A free update or release of the Windows 8 operating system. The edition of choice for a laptop or desktop computer used in a home or small office.
Windows Defender Anti-malware software embedded in Windows 8 that can detect, prevent, and clean up a system infected with viruses and other malware.
Windows Explorer The Windows 7/Vista utility used to view and manage files and folders.
Windows Firewall A personal firewall that protects a computer from intrusion and is automatically configured when you set your network location in the Network and Sharing Center.
Windows Store Access to purchase and download apps that use the Windows 8 interface.
Workgroup In Windows, a logical group of computer and users in which administration, resources, and security are distributed throughout the network, without centralized management or security.
Created by: drewtang40