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FTCE ELA 6-12 Stack6

Literature/teaching strategies, etc.

Apologue A moral fable with personified animals or inanimate objects. (Aseops Fables). George Orwell (Animal Farm), Rudyard Kipling (The Jungle Book)
Blank verse Unrhymed iambic pentameter (Shakespeare plays 16th-17th century)
Traditional grammar Quizzes, grammar, diagrams, terminology and rules, worksheets
Allegory Definition a story, poem or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
Allegory characteristics abstract ideas and principles are described in terms of characters, figures and events. Employed in prose and poetry to tell a story with a purpose of teaching an idea or principle. (The Fairie Queen, Pilgrims Progress, Paradise Lost)
Heroic Very brave or behavior that is very bold or dramatic
Romanticism 18th & 19th centuries, began in Germany & England. Emphasized imagination, fancy, freedom, emotion, wildness, beauty of the natural world, rights of individual and nobility of common man (Wordsworth, Lord Byron, Victor Hugo)
Realism 19th century reaction to romanticism. True to life approach. (Tolstoy, George Eliot)
Modernism knowledge is not absolute. (Einstain, quantum, freud theories)
Running Record a tool that helps teachers to identify patterns in student reading behaviors. These patterns allow a teacher to see the strategies a student uses to make meaning of individual words and texts as a whole.
Individual Running Record A series of graded passages, increasing in difficulty, used to determine a childs reading level for word identification and comprehension. Enables you to see strengths and weaknesses.
Structural Grammar Views language as 3 levels: Individual sounds, groups of sounds and groups of words
Surrealism 1920’s writing with element of surprise, juxtapositions and non sequitur.
Reciprocal reading Predicting, generating questions, clarifying & summarizing
Iambic Pentameter A line of verse with 5 metrical feet each consisting of 1 short syllable followed by 1 long syllable. EX: Two households, both alike in dignity.” Shakespeare used IP. Used in English poetry and verse drama.
Sonnet a poem of 14 lines using any number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line.
Aside A short speech delivered by an actor in a play, expressing the characters thoughts; Spoken in an undertone to the audience; other characters are deaf to it.
Explication Act of interpreting or discovering the meaning of a text, usually involves close reading and special attention to figurative language
Chiasmus Rhetorical balance in which the second part is syntactically balanced against the first, but with the parts reversed. Ex. Never let a Fool Kiss You or a Kiss Fool You.
Metonymy the substitution of the name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing meant, for example suit for business executive, or the track for horse racing, crown monarchy
Didactic Form of fiction or non fiction what teaches a specific lesson or moral and provides a model of correct behavior or thinking
Persona Latin for “Mask.” Narrator.
Paratactic Sentence The use of short sentences or clauses. “I am tired.”
Third person limited Sees events through eyes of a single character
Foil Character whose actions are in stark contrast to those of another character
Diagnosis Searching for patterns of errors can help a teacher diagnose weaknesses and strengths
Anecdotal record assessment requires teacher to observe student and record as soon as possible after an observation, an account of exactly what took place
Informal reading inventory The student reads aloud and the teachers uses symbols to note the types of miscues the student makes. Comprehension is graded by questions asked, remember details and to understand vocab
Choral reading Poetry is a good example. It can be read in unison, one line per child, or in groups.
Metacognition The ability to understand and control ones own thought processes. To realize what they do and do not know, set purposes, select appropriate reading and learning strategies, check their understanding and evaluate their performance
Balance Constructing a sentence so both halves are about the same length and important sentences can be unbalanced to serve a special effect as well.
Conceit an elaborate metaphor that compares two things that are startlingly different (extended metaphor)
Prose Ordinary form of every day written language
Synecdoche A figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole, or vice versa, as in “Cleveland won by six runs (meaning “Cleveland’s baseball team).”
Tanka 5-line, 31 syllable Japanese poem; first and third have five syllables, the other seven giving a complete picture of an even or mood. Similar to haiku, but with 2 additional lines; means "short song."
Haiku A Japanese poem of 3 lines, 17 syllables, in three lines of five, seven and five, traditionally evoking images of the natural world. Rarely rhymes.
Created by: angiescuz



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