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Reproductive System

Medical Assistant

TermDefinition
Gynecology Medical specialty that treats diseases of the female reproductive organs
Ovary A pair of small almond shaped organs located on the lower abdomen
Ovum/OVA Female gametes, sex cells
Menstruation Normal periodic discharge of a bloody fluid from non pregnant uterus.
Menarche: Beginning of the menstrual function at puberty
Menopause The normal stopping of the monthly menstrual periods.
Amenorrhea Absence of menstrual periods
Dysmenorrhea: Painful menstrual periods
Oligomenorrhea Abnormally reduced menstrual flow, also infrequent menses
Polymenorrhea Abnormally frequent and excessive menstrual flow
PMS Premenstrual Syndrome
HRT Hormone replacement therapy
Nulligravida A woman who has never been pregnant
Nullipara A woman who has never borne a viable child
Primigravida A woman pregnant for the first time
Abortion Interruption or termination of pregnancy
Oophoritis Inflammation of an ovary
Ovariorrhexis Rupture of an ovary
Salpingitis Inflammation of a Fallopian tube
Endometriosis Abnormal condition in which tissue that contains typical endometrial elements is present outside the uterus
Colposcopy Visual examination of the vagina and cervix
Hysteroscopy Visual examination of the interior of the uterus
D & C Dilation of the cervix and curettage of the uterus
Testicles/Testes Two small egg shaped glands that produce the spermatozoa
Spermatozoa Male gametes
Phimosis A narrowing of the opening of the foreskin so it cannot be retracted.
Azoospermia Absence of sperm in the semen
Oligospermia Abnormally low sperm count
Circumcision Surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis
Anorchism Absence of one or both testicles
Cryptorchidim: Undescended testis: Developmental defect in which one or both testicles fail to descend into scrotum.
Genitalia Reproductive organs
Prostatitis Inflammation of the prostate gland
Varicocele: Cluster of dilated veins that occurs above the testis
BPH Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Created by: zainabgelle