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Respiratory System

Study Guide , Chapter 4

QuestionAnswer
What is the purpose of the Respiratory System TO BRING OXYGEN INTO THE BODY AND EXPEL THE WASTE PRODUCT
What does the mucous membrane covering the turbinates help do. ACTS AS A BARRIER TO DIVIDE AND SLOW DOWN INHALED AIR SO THAT IT CAN PICK UP WARMTH AND MOISTURE.
the epiglottis seals off the pharynx so that food moves into the esophagus. FALSE
What is a Trachea. PASSAGEWAY FOR BOTH INHALED AND EXHALED AIR , MAKES ROOM FOR LARGE AMOUNTS OF FOOD THAT PASSES THROUGH THE ESOPHAGUS, A MUSCULAR TUBE CONTAINING "C" SHAPED RINGS OF CARTILAGE.
What are the smallest passageways in the lungs called. BRONCHIOLES
Which lung has three lobes and two lobes. THE LEFT HAS TWO AND THE RIGHT HAS THREE
What are clusters of air sacs in the lungs called. ALVEOLI
What is the space between the lungs in the thoracic cavity called. MEDIASTINUM
What does respiration consist of. BREATHING IN, INSPIRATION, INHALATION - BREATHING OUT, EXHALATION, EXPIRATION.
Normal depth and rate of respirations is known as what. EUPNEA
What is the medical word for collapse lung. ATELACTASIS
What is the indentation on the medial surface of the lung called. HILUM
What consists of the upper respiratory system. THE NOSE, NASAL CAVITY, AND PHARYNX
What consists of the lower respiratory system. THORACIC CAVITY, LARYNX, TRACHEA, BRONCHI, LUNGS, AND DIAPHRAGM.
What is the Latin word that means partition. SEPTUM
Does the larynx merge with the nasal cavity. NO
Internal respiration is the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in what. AT A CELLULAR LEVEL, THE CELL OF THE BODY.
What is cilia. SMALL H AIRS THAT MOVE FORCING PARTICLES AWAY FROM THE LUNG
What is the membrane that covers the surface of the lung. VICERAL PLURA.
What does the phrenic nerve do for respiration. CAUSES THE DIAPHRAGM TO CONTRACT AND INITIATE INSPIRATION.
What is the form (term) in which oxygen travels in the blood. OXYHEMOGLOBIN
Created by: Lizbeth Romo