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ELA Vocab/Grammar

Ethos Speaker is convincing, fair, and using correct speech
Logos Speaker uses facts and stats to prove a point
Pathos Words used emotionally involve audience and encourage action
Kairos Doing the right action at the right time
Oratory Formal speaking in public
Rhetoric Art of effective and skillful speaking in writing
Rhetorical Question Question asked for emphasis; an answer is not expected
Encode Putting data into code
Decode Assign meaning to someone else's words
Oral Primary Language The language you first learned to use
Writing Secondary Language Based on an attempt to describe speech sounds; can be used as a sub if speech does not work
Structure The way different parts of language are arranged; one of the characteristics of oral language
Grammar Basic rules that regulate use of language; one of the characteristics of oral language
Diction Degree of clarity and distinctness in a person's speech
Articulation Act of clearly and distinctively uttering the consonant sounds of a word
Omission When people leave out sounds
Addition When a person adds consonants
Substitution Substitutes one constant sound
Slurring When a speaker slides over a group of sounds
Enunciation Act of clearly and distinctively uttering the vowel sounds of a word
Dialect Unique combo of speech sounds
Diversity Range of different things
Colloquialisms Word or phrase that is not formal; used in normal conversation
Vocab All word symbols that make up a particular language; one of the characteristics of oral language
Sound Conveys meaning; one of the characteristics of language
Meaning The definition or purpose of a word; one of the characteristics of language
Adverb Tells how often where or when
Subject Complement Refers back to the subject, uses a form of the verb or a linking verb
Direct Object Answers the question who or what
Preposition Shows relationship between noun or pronoun; tells where it is
Infinitive Verb form that usually begins with to
Gerund Verbal that ends in -ing and functions as noun
Participles Verbal that is used as an adjective; often ends in -ing or -ed
Language A system used for human communication
Antithesis Two ideas that contrast or state the opposite of each other
Analogy Comparison between two things based on similarity
Stress Emphasis of a syllable
Foot Basic unit of measurement in a syllabic meter
Iambic Pentameter Common meter in poetry consisting of five iambic feet per line
Meter Arrangement of words in regularly measured
Blank Verse Unrhymed verse of iambic pentameter (Trademark form of Shakespeare)
Iamb First syllable stressed, second unstressed
Dactyl Metrical foot of three syllables
Trochee Metric foot of two syllables where first syllable is stressed and second is unstressed
Pentameter Rhythm with five metric feet per line
Created by: TY4EZXP