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Stack #8

AP GOV'T

TermDefinition
Baker v Carr (1962) case that established the principle of one man, one vote. This decision created guidelines for drawing up congressional districts and guaranteed a more equitable system of representation to the citizens of each state.
Cloture the process in which it takes 60 senators to cut off a filibuster and is aimed at protecting minority interests.
Conference committee a committee consisting of senators and representatives that meets to resolve differences in legislation.
Congressional oversight power used by Congress to gather information useful for the formation of legislation, review the operations and budgets of executive departments and independent regulatory agencies, conduct investigations through committee hearings, and bring to the publi
Distributive policy results in the government giving benefits directly to people, groups, farmers, and businesses. Typical policies include subsidies, research and development funds for corporations, and direct government aid for highway construction and education.
Gerrymandering state legislatures, based on political affiliation, create congressional districts, many of which are oddly shaped and favor the political party in power in the state making the changes.
Gridlock describes people's perception that Congress and the president are in a state of disagreement that results in little legislation passing.
Imperial Congress describes a Congress that succeeds in establishing itself as dominant in legislative and foreign policy.
Incumbents those elected officials who are running for new terms of office.
Logrolling a tactic used in Congress that is best illustrated by one legislator saying to another, "I'll vote for your legislation, if you vote for mine."
Speaker of the House the representative from the majority party in the House of Representatives
The Watergate Committee and Iran Contra investigators were select Senate committees.
Select committees specially created congressional committees that conduct special investigations.
Regulatory policy policy that results in government control over individuals and businesses. Examples of regulatory policy include protection of the environment and consumer protection.
Redistributive policy policy that results in the government taking money from one segment of the society through taxes and giving it back to groups in need. It includes such policies as welfare, Aid to Families with Dependent Children, tax credits for business expenses or busi
Reapportionment Act of l929 act that provides for a permanent size of the House and for the number of seats, based on the census, each state should have.
Reapportionment the process in which a state legislature redraws congressional districts based on population increases or declines.
President pro tempore temporary presiding officer of the Senate.
Pork barrel legislation the practice of legislators obtaining funds through legislation that favors their home districts.
Created by: adarrant