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poetry terms

Glossary terms

Alliteration the repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together Ex: The sneaky, slippery, snake
Allusion A reference to someone or something that is known from history, literature, religion, politics, sports, science, or some other branch of culture
Context Clues Using words surrounding unknown words to determine their meaning
Couplet Two consecutive lines of poetry that work together
Drawing Conclusions Use written cues to figure out something that is not directly stated
Free verse Poetry that does not conform to a regular meter or rhyme scheme
Haiku Presents a vivid picture and the poet's impression, sometimes with suggestions of spiritual insight. The traditional haiku id three lines long: the first line is five syllables, the second line is seven syllables, and the third line is five syllables
Hyperbole A figure of speech that uses incredible exaggeration, or overstatement, for effect Ex: I could eat a thousands hamburgers right now
Imagery The use of language to evoke a picture
Inferring Giving a logical guess based on the facts or evidence presented using prior knowledge to help ''read between the line''.
Irony In general, it is the difference between the way something appears and what is actually true
Meaning What is the poem about
Mood the use of a word whose sound imitates or suggest its meaning Ex: Boom! Snash! Pow! Pssst. Ssshh!
Pattern a combination of the organization of lines, rhyme schemes, stanzas, rhyme , and meter (There are an innumerable variety of patterns in poetry)
Personification A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes Ex: My computer stared at me, deciding if it wanted to cooperate
Reading Give the reader more than one chance to make sense of challenging text.
Rhyme/ Rhyme Scheme The repetition of vowel sounds in accented syllables and all succeeding syllables. The pattern of rhymes in a poem is called a rhyme scheme
Rhyme A rise and fall of the voice produce by the alternation of stressed and unstressed syllables in language
Setting The time and place of the action
Simile A figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between two unlike things, using the word like or as Ex: my shoes were like falcons, enabling me to fly across the basketball court
Sonnet a fourteen-line lyric poem, usually written in rhymed iambic pentameter
Speaker The imaginary voice assumed by the writer of a poem
Stanza A group of lines in a poem considered as a unit. Stanzas often unction like paragraphs in prose. Each stanza states and develops a single main idea
Summarizing Guide the reader to organize and restate info, usually in written form
Symbols A person, place, thing or event that has meaning in itself and that also stands for something more than itself Ex: The eagle is a bird, but it is also the symbol for America freedom, liberty and justice
Theme The central message or insight into life revealed through the poem
Tone The attitude a writer takes toward the subject of a work, the characters in it, or the audience
Created by: ivycar