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IT SECURITY

IT SECURITY TERMINOLOGY

TermDefinition
Cloud Storage Information is saved to the web.
Computer Network Group of inter-conneted computers.
Data Theft An employee that copies proprietary data for personal gain or use by another company.
Firewall Blocks unauthorized access while permitting authorized communications.
FTP Backup Backup done by File Transfer Protocol over the internet.
Hoaxes Message warning the recipient of a non-existent computer virus threat.
Identity Theft Fraud that involves someone pretending to be someone else in order to steal money or get other benefits.
IT Security Field of computer science concerned with the control of risks related to computer use.
Laptop Portable computer.
Local Backup Backup where the storage medium is kept close at hand.
Memory Stick Portable storage device.
Mirror Backup Mirror of the source being backed up
Network Drive Storage device on a local access network (LAN) within a business or home.
Offsite Backup Backup storage media is kept at a different geographic location from the source.
Online Identity Social identity that an Internet user establishes in online communities and websites
Phishing Criminally fraudulent process of attempting to acquire sensitive information by masquerading as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication.
Portable Device Movable device such as a laptop, netbook. PDA or memory stick.
Privacy Policy Legal document that discloses how a party retains, processes, discloses, and purges customer's data.
Public Network Network that is shared by the public at large.
Remote Backup A form of offsite backup with a difference being that you can access, restore or administer the backups while located at your source location or other location.
Rogue Diallers Pieces of software secretly placed on your computer and when you connect to the internet, these diallers quietly disconnect you and dial a premium-rate phone number instead.
Spam Abuse of electronic messaging systems to send unsolicited bulk messages indiscriminately.
Spyware Type of malware that is installed secretly on personal computers to collect information about users, their computer or browsing habits without their informed consent.
Trojan Horse Program containing hidden codes which when it is invoked performs harmful actions such as deleting a user’s files and destroying data.
Virus A written program intended to cause disruption and damage to computer systems.
Wireless Network Type of computer network that is wireless.
Worm Makes multiple copies of itself and send these copies from the computer.
Adware Software package which automatically plays, displays, or downloads advertisements to a computer after the software is installed on it or while the application is being used
Encryption Process of transforming information using an algorithm to make it unreadable to anyone except those possessing special knowledge or a key.
Bluetooth Connecivity Devices communicate with each other using a variety of wires, cables, radio signals and infrared light beams, and an even greater variety of connectors, plugs and protocols.
Passowrd A word or string of characters used for user authentication to prove identity or access approval to gain access to a resource
Data Corruption Errors in computer data that occur during transmission or retrieval, introducing unintended changes to the original data
Created by: donnaowen