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Anatomy & Physiology

QuestionAnswer
Cells consists of three main parts: cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
The four primary tissues of the human body are: Epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous tissue
The Nucleus has three components: DNA, RNA, Chromosomes
Tissue similar cells that make up a part of an organism
What are the 4 major primary tissues of the human body: Nervous, muscular, epithelial and connective tissue.
Where can epithelial tissue be found?Definition. Skin (covers the body) lining of body cavities (mouth, digestive tract and more). A sheet of cells that covers or lines.
Where can connective tissue be found? Definition. Bones, fat, blood and cartilage. Tissue that connects, supports, binds or separate other tissues or organs.
Example of Organs. Definition. Skin, heart and brain. Collection of tissues joined to serve a common function.
What are the 9 body systems? MC RED RUNS Muscular, circulatory, reproductive, endocrine, digestive, respiratory, urinary, nervous and skeletal.
Skeletal System , how many bones? 206
Skeletal System 5 main functions. Give body shape, all you to move, protection for organs, produces blood cells & stores calcium.
Cartilage Flexible connective tissue that gives shape or framework to parts of the body. Example: ear.
Cartilage purpose To support body structures, connect the ribs to the sternum & serve as cushion between bones.
Types of joints (4) Gliding, ball & socket, pivot and hinge joints
The surgical procedure Craniotomy, involve what body system?
The surgical procedure Anterior Cervical Fusion, involve what body system? Skeletal
The surgical procedure Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion, involve what body system? Skeletal
The surgical procedure Open Reduction Internal Fixation, involve what body system? Skeletal
The surgical procedure Total Knee Arthroplasty, involve what body system? Skeletal
The surgical procedure Total Hip Arthroplasty, involve what body system? Skeletal
What are the 3 types of muscle tissue? Skeletal, smooth & cardiac
Where are skeletal muscles? They are connected to bones by tendons. We control skeletal muscles. Example: walking, picking up a glass etc. (voluntary)
Where are smooth muscles? Lines blood vessels, urinary tract & the digestive tract. They can tense and relax and have greater elasticity. We don't control their actions. (involuntary)
Where are cardiac muscles? Exists only in the heart. Cardiac muscle contracts to squeeze blood out of your heart, and relaxes to fill your heart with blood. (involuntary)
The surgical procedure Fasciotomy, involves what body system? Muscular
The surgical procedure Herniorrhapy, involves what body system? Muscular
The surgical procedure Rotator cuff repair, involves what body system? Muscular
The Nervous System Carries information between all parts of the body. From the brain and spinal cord.
The nervous system has two types of cells: neurons (nerve cells) & neuroglia
Neurons (nerve cell) transmit nerve impulses
Neuroglia and provide support and protection for neurons in the central and peripheral nervous systems.
The Nervous System is divided into what 2 parts? Central Nervous System (CNS) & Peripheral Nervous System
The CNS consist of the ______ and _______ cord. Brain, spinal cord
What 3 membranes surround the brain? pia, arachnoid & dura
The brain is divided into three parts. What are the 3 parts? Cerebrum, Cerebellum and Brain Stem.
What are the three sense organs? eyes, ears, nose tongue and skin
The eyes consist of three layers, what are they? Sclera, choroid and retina
The ear is made up of three parts, what are they? external, middle and inner ear.
The _____ is the largest body organ. Skin
The surgical procedure Craniotomy, involves what body system? Nervous system
The surgical procedure Split-thickeness Skin Graft, involes what body system? Nervous system
The surgical procedure Ulnar Nervous Transposition, involves what body system? Nervous system
The surgical procedure Cataract Extraction, involves what body system? Nervous system
The surgical procedure Carpal Tunnel Repair, involves what body system? Nervous system
The surgical procedure Bilateral Myringotomy with Tubes, involves what body system? Nervous system
The surgical procedure Stapedectomy, involves what body system? Nervous system
What are the major gland of the Endocrine System? Pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal gland (s). The pancreas, ovaries and the testes.
The surgical procedure Thyroidectomy, involves what body system? Endocrine system
The surgical procedure Oophorectomy, involves what body system? Endocrine system
The surgical procesure Orchiectomy, involves what body system? Endocrine & Reproductive system
The male sex cell is called ____. The female sex cell is called ___. What body system are they in? sperm, ovum. Reproductive system.
The surgical procedure Orchiectomy, involves what body system? Reproductive system
The surgical procedure Orchiopexy, involves what body system? Reproductive system
The surgical procedure Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP), involves what body system? Reproductive system
The surgical procedure Radical Prostatectomy , involves what body system? Reproductive system
The surgical procedure Hysterectomy, involves what body system? Reproductive system
The surgical procedure Bilateral Salpingoophorectomy , involves what body system? Reproductive system
The surgical procedure Dilation & Curettage (D&C), involves what body system? Reproductive system
The surgical procedure Ectopic Pregnancy, involves what body system? Reproductive system
The surgical procedure Pelviscopy, involves what body system? Reproductive system
The procedure Tubal Ligation, involves what body system? Reproductive system
Male reproductive system consist of: Testes, scrotum, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicle, ejaculatory duct, semen, urethra, penis and prostate gland.
Female reproductive system consist of: Vagina uterus endometrium, fallopian tubes, fimbriae and ovaries.
The surgical procedure Nephrectomy, involves what body system? The urinary system
The surgical procedure Lithotripsy, involves what body system? The urinary system
The surgical procedure Cystoscopy, involves what body system? The urinary system
The Urinary system consist of three organs. Name them. Kidney, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra
The excreting system removes toxins from the body. They include the kidney, lungs, _________ and __________. Liver and skin
What are the primary organs of the respiratory system? Nose/ mouth, lungs, trachea (windpipe) and pharynx (throat)
The surgical procedure, Endoscopic Sinus procedure , involves what body system? The respiratory system
The surgical procedure, Thoracotomy, involves what body system? The respiratory system
The surgical procedure, Septoplasty, involves what body system? The respiratory system
The surgical procedure, Thoracoscopy, involves what body system? The respiratory system
The surgical procedure, Pneumonectomy,, involves what body system? The respiratory system
The surgical procedure, Laryngectomy, involves what body system? The respiratory system
The surgical procedure, Bronchoscopy, involves what body system? The respiratory system
The surgical procedure, Tracheotomy, involves what body system? The respiratory system
The Digestive system consist of the following seven: Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus.
The surgical procedure Appendectomy, involves what body system? Digestive system
The surgical procedure Parotidectomy, involves what body system? Digestive system
The surgical procedure Gastrectomy, involves what body system? Digestive system
The surgical procedure Gastic Bypass, involves what body system? Digestive system
The surgical procedure Cholecystectomy, involves what body system? Digestive system
The surgical procedure Colectomy, involves what body system? Digestive system
The surgical procedure Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy, involves what body system? Digestive system
The human body requires 6 basic categories of nutrients. What are they? Vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates, fats and water.
The surgical procedure, Tonsillectomy, involves what body body system? Circulatory system
The surgical procedure, Adenoidectomy, involves what body body system? Circulatory system
The surgical procedure, Arterioenous (AV) Fistula, involves what body body system? Circulatory system
The surgical procedure, Abdominal Aortic Aneurysmetomy (AAA), involves what body body system? Circulatory system
The surgical procedure, Hemorrhoidectomy, involves what body body system? Circulatory system
The surgical procedure, CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Graft), involves what body body system? Circulatory system
The surgical procedure, Carotid Endarterectomy, involves what body body system? Circulatory system
Created by: Eyeonspd