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pauls quiz

traumatology quiz

QuestionAnswer
Symptoms of fracture indirect and direct pain, swelling/bruising, deformity, loss of movement, unnatural mobility/crepitus, positive radiography
Complications of fracture Compartment syndrome, infection, bed sores, sudeck's atrophy(complex regional pain syndrone),osteoarthritis, nonunion, malunion
Open/compound fracture bone pokes out through the skin
Closed fracture bone does not poke out through the skin
pathological fracture complicated severe fracture such as a spiral fracture
stress fracture hairline fracture from overuse
5 Ps of ischemia Pain, Pallor, Parasthesia, Paralysis, Pulselessness
Steps in Fracture healing Tissue destruction, hematoma formation, inflammation and cellular proliferation, calls formation, consolidation, Remodeling
Types of tissue injury:
Types of soft tissue injury: Burns, Open wounds, Sprains, Strains, Contusions, Tendonitis, Bursitis
3 Types of burns 1st degree-sunburn, swelling, burns superficial layer of skin. 2nd degree-red, blisters, no blanching, 3rd degree- burns through layers of skin. Red or Black and white skin. Loss of fluids, easily infected.
5 types of open wounds laceration, abrasion, puncture, avulsion(tissue torn off), bullet wound
Difference between Strain and Sprain? Sprain - tears in fibers of a ligament. Strain - tears in fiber of a muscle.
Degree of injury of sprains and strains Grade 1 - mild. Grade 2 - moderate,partial rupture. Grade 3 - severe, complete rupture(hard to distinguish from fracture)
Acupuncture for Strains, Sprains, fractures? Needle above and below injury to help Qi and blood flow through.
What is a trigger point? hyperirritable spot in a muscle associated with a nodule in a taut band.
latent vs. active trigger point active - causes pain. latent - causes pain only on palpation.
Formula for Cold Bi Fang Feng Tang
Formula for Wind Bi associated with a W-C invasion(Ying /Wei disharmony Gui Zhi Tang + Yu Ping Feng San
Formula for Cold Bi Wu Tou Tang or Xiao Huo Lou Dan
Formula for Damp Bi Yi Yi Ren Tang or Juan Bi Tang for Cold-Damp Bi
Formula for Heat Bi Xuan Bi Tang or Bai Hu Jia Gui Zhi Tang
Types of soft tissue injury: Burns, Open wounds, Sprains, Strains, Contusions, Tendonitis, Bursitis
3 Types of burns 1st degree-sunburn, swelling, burns superficial layer of skin. 2nd degree-red, blisters, no blanching, 3rd degree- burns through layers of skin. Red or Black and white skin. Loss of fluids, easily infected.
5 types of open wounds laceration, abrasion, puncture, avulsion(tissue torn off), bullet wound
Difference between Strain and Sprain? Sprain - tears in fibers of a ligament. Strain - tears in fiber of a muscle.
Degree of injury of sprains and strains Grade 1 - mild. Grade 2 - moderate,partial rupture. Grade 3 - severe, complete rupture(hard to distinguish from fracture)
Acupuncture for Strains, Sprains, fractures? Needle above and below injury to help Qi and blood flow through.
What is a trigger point? hyperirritable spot in a muscle associated with a nodule in a taut band.
latent vs. active trigger point active - causes pain. latent - causes pain only on palpation.
Formula for Cold Bi Fang Feng Tang
Formula for Wind Bi associated with a W-C invasion(Ying /Wei disharmony Gui Zhi Tang + Yu Ping Feng San
Formula for Cold Bi Wu Tou Tang or Xiao Huo Lou Dan
Formula for Damp Bi Yi Yi Ren Tang or Juan Bi Tang for Cold-Damp Bi
Formula for Heat Bi Xuan Bi Tang or Bai Hu Jia Gui Zhi Tang
Formula for Stubborn Bi Shen Tong Zhu Yu Tang + Er Chen Tang
3 Common underlying causes of Bi Syndrome Qi and Blood Xu, KD Yang Xu, KD Yin Xu
Pain Assessment strategies Ask pain history, pain type, pain pattern, intensity, location, factors which ease or exacerbate pain, pschosocial quality-of-life factors
Pain interview Ask patient to describe pain,is is throbbing?burning?, shooting? Onset? Intensity?Location?better or worse with? How does pain affect functioning, life and family?
ABCDE for pain management ASK about pain regularly, BELIEVE the patient, CHOOSE appropriate pain control, DELIVER intervention in timely/cordinated way, EMPOWER and ENABLE patients to control treatment amap.
Created by: rmr