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Unit 3

Urines

QuestionAnswer
Untreated kidney disease can result in what effects on the body? Heart disease, weakened bones, nerve damage (neuropathy), high blood pressure, anemia, kidney failure, or death.
The major symptoms of kidney disease include... Fatigue, puffy eyes, swollen face/hands/abdomen/ankles/feet, increased thirst, difficult or painful urination, foamy urine, pink/dark urine (contains blood).
Which of the following are risk factors that predispose individuals to kidney disease: high blood pressure, heart disease, or diabetes? All of those listed predispose an individual to kidney disease. Other factors include: age, obesity, obstruction (calculi), overuse of NSAIDs, catheterization, race, pregnancy, autoimmune diseases, compromised urine flow, and instrumentation.
What are the four major tests used to determine kidney function? 1) Creatinine in blood (0.6-1.2 mg/dL), 2) Glomerular Filtration Rate (>90mls/min), 3) Microalbumin (<30 mg/L), 4) IV pyelogram, radiographic dye is injected and used to visualize the renal pathway.
True or false: One of the functions of the kidneys is to release erythropoietin, aldosterone, and ADH? True. Erythropoietin directs the production of red blood cells, while aldosterone and ADH regulate blood pressure. The kidneys also regulate the body's fluid levels, filter waste and toxins, activate Vitamin D, and keep electrolytes in balance.
Created by: nkniep