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Chapter 7 Terms

Security Class

Anomaly Based Monitoring A monitoring technique used by an detection system that creates a baseline of normal activities and compares actions against the baseline whenever there is a signifigant deviation from this baseline an alarm is raised
Application Based Firewall A firewall that can identify the applications that send packets through the firewall and then make decisions about the applications
Application Aware IDS A specialized intrusion detection system that is capable of using contextual knowledge in real time
Application Aware IPS An intrusion prevention system that knows information such as the application that are running as well as the underlying operating systems
Application Aware Proxy A special proxy server that knows the applications that are running as well as the underlying operating system
Behavior Based Monitoring A monitoring technique used by IDS that uses the normal processes and actions as the standard and compares actions against it
Content Inspection Searching web content to match keywords
Defense in Depth A defense that uses multiple types of security devices to protect a network also called layered security
Demilitarized Zone A seperate network that rests outside the secure network perimeter untrusted outside users can access the dmz but cannot enter the secure network
Firewall Rules A set of individual instructions to control the actions of a firewall
Heuristic Monitoring A monitoring technique used by intrusioon detection system that uses an algorith to determine if a threat exsists
Host Based Intrusion Detection System A software based application that runs on a local host computer that can detect an attack as it occurs
Intrusion Detection System A device that detects an attack as it occurs
layered Security A defense that uses multiple types of sucurity devices to protect a network
Load Balancer A dedication network device that can direct requests to different servers based on a variety of factors
Maleware Inspections Searching for malware in incoming web content
Network Access Control A technique that examines the current state of a system or network device before it is allowed to connect to the network
Netwoek Address Translation A technique that allows private IP addresses to be used on the public internet
Network Intrustion Detection Sysytem A technology that watches for attacks on the network and reports back to a central device
Netowork Intrusion Prevention System A technology that monitors network traffic to immediately react to block a malicious attack
Protocol Analyzer Hardware or software that captures packets to decode and analyze their content
Proxy Server A computer or an application program that intercepts user requests from the internal secure network and then processes those requess on behalf of the users
Remote Access Any combination of hardware and software that enables remote users to access a local internal network
Reverse Proxy A computer or an application program that routes incoming requests to the correct server
Router A device that can forward packets across computer networks
Signature based monitoring A monitoring technique used by an intrustion detection system that examines network traffic to look for well known patterns and compares the activities against a predefined signature
Subnetting A technique that uses IP addresses to divide a network into network subnet and host
Switch A device that connects network segments and forwards only frames intended for that specific device or frames sent to all devices
Unified Threat Manangement Network Hardware that provides multiple security functions
URL Filtering Restricting access to unapproved websites
Virtual LAN a technology that enables use of an unsecured public network as if it were a secure private netowork
Virtual Private Network A technology that enables uses of an unsecured public network as if it were a secure private network
VPN Concentrator A device that aggregates VPN Connections
Web Application Firewall A special type of application aware firewall that looks at the applications using HTTP
Web Security Gateway A device that can block malicious content in real time as it appears without first knowing the URL of a dangerous site
Created by: 1019660571411816