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Sytax

Structure of sentences

TermDefinition
Syntax The arrangement - ordering, grouping, and placement - of words within a sentence. The study of the way the sequences of words are ordered into phrases, clauses, and sentences,
Declarative Sentence Makes a statement
Imperative Sentence Gives a command.
Interrogative Sentence Asks a question.
Exclamatory Sentence Provides emphasis or expresses strong emotion.
Simple Sentence Contains one independent clause.
Compound Sentence Contains two independent clauses joined by a coordination conjunction or by a semicolon.
Complex Sentence Contains an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.
Compound-Complex Sentence Contains two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses.
Loose or Cumulative Sentence Has its main clause at the beginning of the sentence. Main clause + dependant construction = loose sentence.
Periodic Sentence Organized into at least two parts and expresses a complex thought not brought to completion until the close.
Convoluted Sentence A special kind of periodic sentence where the dependant elements, instead of preceding the main clause, split apart from the inside.
Balanced Sentence Two or more words or constructions have essentially the same form and length and have similar functions.
Parallelism Two or mare words, phrases, or clauses have the same grammatical form and identical grammatical relationship to the same thing.
Inverted Word Order Rearranging the main elements of a sentence in some order other than subject-verb-object, which is often called Natural World Order. Inversions almost always draw attention and is used for emphasis.
Juxtaposition A poetic and a rhetorical device in which normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases are places next to one another, often creating an effect of surprise or wit,
Rhetorical Question A question that requires no answer. It is used to draw attention to a point and is generally stronger then a direct statement.
Repetition A device where words. sounds, and ideas are used more than once to enhance rhythm and to create emphasis.
Anaphora The repetition of the same term beginning successive clauses.
Epistrophe The repetition of the same term at the ending of successive clauses.
Anadiplosis Using the same term at the end of one clause at the beginning of the next one.
Epanalepsis When the same word appears at the beginning and end.
Polysyndeton Traditionally a comma follows each item in the list with a conjunction(and) between the last two. Places a conjunction after every term except the last.
Asyndeton Traditionally a comma follows each item in the list with a conjunction(and) between the last two. Uses no conjunctions and separates terms of the series with commas.
Telegraphic Shorter than five words.
Created by: msfindlay