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Computer Basics

General terms hardware, software, storage, memory, etc.

TermDefinition
Hardware the parts of the computer you can touch
software a set of instructions that tells computer hardware how to operate
CPU central processing unt - a chip that processes all input
Monitor the screen that shows what is being entered into the computer; output device
Keyboard a device that is used to enter letters and numbers into a computer; input device
Printer the device that makes a print out (hard copy) of what is on the monitor; output device
Mouse a device used to move the cursor/pointer around on the screen and make selections; input device
Network computers connected together by a common server (host) computer
Modem A device that transfers data over phone lines by converting digital symbols (0 and 1) into audio.
hard disk main storage for programs and data inside the computer; local drive; C drive
binary system the way a computer function; On is represented by 1; Off is represented by 0.
bit short for binary digit (ones and zeroes) ; the smallest unit of memory; equal to a speck or an atom
Byte 8 bits, a single character (letter, number, space, symbol); a unit of measure for storage
Kilobyte 1,024 bytes; KB, equal to a one page, double spaced letter.
Megabyte 1,048,576 bytes; MB, equal to a best selling novel
Gigabyte 1,073,741,824 bytes; GB, equal to a set of encyclopedias
Terabyte 1,099,511,627,776 bytes ; TB, equal to a bookstore
Removable Storage places that are not in the computer box where file can be stored, such as a flash drive, CD, DVD
Cloud Storage digital data is stored in logical pools, on multiple servers owned and managed by a hosting company
Numeric keypad the portion of a keyboard that looks like a calculator; numbers and math symbols can be entered more quickly using this area
IT Information Technology, related to computers, managing and processing data
Dialogue Box a popup box on the monitor that asks for a user response such as OK Yes No Cancel
Menu Bar line near the top of the screen that shows choices for working in a file
Cursor Blinking line or highlighted mark that shows your location on the screen
Icon a small box on the desktop that represents a program; logo; shortcut
Status Bar a line at the bottom of the screen that shows how your computer is operating and programs you have pinned for easy access
Dragging moving an object with the left mouse button held down
Highlighting clicking and holding down the left mouse button while moving the cursor over the data you choose; highlighting
Selecting clicking and holding down the left mouse button while moving the cursor over the data you choose; selecting
Scroll Bar narrow strips along the sides and bottom of a window that allows the screen to move up, down, or across
Click press and release the mouse button once; places the cursor at this point
Double Click quickly press the left mouse button twice; opens whatever is located where the cursor is located
Start Button button in the lower left corner of a Windows desktop that allows user to access programs and files
Created by: brintlek