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Chapter 6 Cardiorespiratory endurance vocabulary

ATP A high energy chemical compound that the body uses for immediate energy.
Aerobic Describes exercise that requires oxygen to produce the necessary energy (ATP) to carry out the activity.
Alveoli Air sacs in the lungs where oxygen is taken up and carbon dioxide (produced by the body) is released from the blood.
Anaerobic threshold The highest percentage of the VO2max at which an individual can exercise (maximal steady state) for an extended time without accumulating significant amounts of lactic acid
Anaerobic Describes exercise that does not require oxygen to produce the necessary energy (ATP) to carry out the activity.
Arterial-venous oxygen difference (a-vO2diff) The amount of oxygen removed from the blood as determined by the difference in oxygen content between arterial and venous blood.
Capillaries Smallest blood vessels carrying oxygenated blood to the tissues in the body.
Cardiac output Amount of blood pumped by the heart in one minute.
Cardiorespiratory endurance The ability of the lungs, heart, and blood vessels to deliver adequate amounts of oxygen to the cells to meet the demands of prolonged physical activity.
Cardiorespiratory training zone Recommended training intensity range, in terms of exercise heart rate, to obtain adequate cardiorespiratory endurance development.
FITT-VP An acronym used to describe the cardiorespiratory exercise prescription variables: frequency, intensity, time (duration), type (mode), volume, and progression.
Heart rate reserve (HRR) The difference between maximal heart rate and resting heart rate.
Hemoglobin Iron-containing compound, found in red blood cells, that transports oxygen.
Created by: kshirley12
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