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TermDefinition
Middle Ages A period of history between 500 AD and 1500 AD.
medieval A Latin term meaning middle era used to describe the Middle Ages.
fuedalism Starting in Europe around 800 AD, a system for organizing and governing society based on land, service, and loyalty.
Lord A noble who owned the land and controlled all activities within this.
Vassal A noble who was given a portion of the lords land (fief) in exchange for loyalty and service.
Flef Property given to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service.
knight A noble warrior who fought for the lord in exchange for land and social rank.
Chivalry The code of honor that knights were expected to live by.
serf A peasant laborer bound by law to the land of the noble class – this was the lowest class citizen.
guild An organization of workers in a specific trade or craft that set work and craftsmanship standards while protecting its members.
Barbarian Name given to those seen as uncivilized tribes in the north of Europe. Often, they were brutal tribes that were uneducated and warlike.
monastery A community in which monks lived which was devoted to religion, teaching, learning, and literacy
Monk A man who devoted his life to religion, learning, and helping others.
Gothic architecture Architecture of the twelfth-century Europe, featuring stained-glass windows, flying buttresses, tall spires, and pointed arches
secular Attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious or spiritual basis
manor A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.
Roman Catholic church Church established in western Europe during the Roman Empire and the Middle Ages with its head being the bishop of Rome or pope
Pope Head of the Roman Catholic Church
Byzantine empire (330-1453) Eastern part of the Roman Empire that survived the fall of Rome, with its capital at Constantinople. It developed Eastern Orthodox Christianity and the Justinian Code.
Ottoman turks Captured Constantinople in 1453 and renamed it Istanbul; as a result the Byzantine people flee to Italian City-States (they bring culture, art, and a love of learning which leads to the beginning of the Renais
Created by: Gavin $hamblen