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endodontics

QuestionAnswer
endodontia (within the tooth) the branch on dentistry concerned with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases of the dental pulp and its surrounding
periradicular around the root
pulpitis inflaned pulpal condition
necrotic dead; non-vital
objective signs conditions observed by someone other than the patient
hyperextension (over movement) a condition in which the tooth arises out of the socket
putrefaction (decaying animal matter) an unpleasant odor
subjective symptoms conditions as described by the patient
hypersensitivity over sensitive or abnormal reaction to stumulus
pulpalgia inner tooth pain
palpation application of finger pressure to body tissues, including gingiva
percussion (tapping of body tissue, tooth) usually done by tapping a dental mirror handle on an affected tooth and comparing the sensation to tapping on a healthy tooth
mobility (capable of movement) movement of a tooth in its socket during outside force or application of pressure
transillumination (passage of light through object/tissue) a light refraction test to reveal fractured tooth tissue
thermal (pertaining to temp) pulp sensitivity test with reaction to application of hear and/or cold to tooth surface
anesthesia numbing the specific root or nerve ending to dissipate pain
direct dentin stimulation scratching the exposed dentin with an explorer; the presence of pain indicates inflamed or irritated pulp tissue
electric pulp testing applying an electrical current on the enamel surface of the tooth to register the tooth's pulpal sensitivity and presence of irritability
radiograph x-ray examination and other technology such as digital radiometric analysis
periodontitis (around; tooth) a sharp, painful inflammation of tissues around an affected tooth
abscess (local pus infection) an infection that may be an acute or chronic apical abcess
suppurative producing, or generating pus
pericementitis (around; cementuis) inflammation and necrosis of alveoli of the tooth
cyst abnormal, closely walled fluid or exudates-filled sac in or around periapical tissues
cellulitis inflammation of cellular or connective tissue
osteomyelitis an inflammation of the bone and bone marrow, usually cause by bacterial infection
pulpotomy partial excision of the dental pulp
pulpectomy surgical removal of pulp from the tooth, also known as root canal treatment
apicoectomy surgical amputation of a root apex
anesthesia local injection to relieve pain occurring during the procedure
isolation of the operative area; accomplished to provide saftey and to assure an aseptic site
aseptic without disease
extirpation (to root out) removing the pulpal tissue after the pulpal opening
debridement (removal of foreign or decayed matter) removing necrotic pulpal tissue and cleaning out the area
irrigation and cleansing using chemicals and instruments to remove tissue dust and material matter from the pulp and pulp canals
obturation (to close or stop up) filling and closing the canal area.
retrograde (backward step)process of filling the canal begining from the apex of the tooth to the pulp
restoration returning the tooth to normal function and purpose
dental dam material thin sheet of latex or non-latex rubber, that varies in thickness, color and size
dental dam frame device used to hold material in place; may be metal or plastic, rigid or adjustable
dental dam punch device used to place selected holes in the dam material for isolating a tooth or teeth
dental dam forceps hand device used to transport and place clamps or retainers around the selected tooth
rubber dam stamp and pad marking stamper and pad devices used to indicate alignment spots for puncturing the material with the punch
dental dam clamp retaining device used to hold the material around the tooth; may be metal or resin and vary in size, shape, and style
dental dam ligature material used to hold and secure the dam material in the mouth; can be dental floss, latex stabilizing cord, or a small piece of dental dam
luer-loc syringe a barrel-type syringe with piston force plunger, used to inject fluids into the cavity
gutta-percha points tapered points made of a thermoplastic compound; similar in size to silver points, or endodontic instruments, and used to fill the root canal
silver points tapered silver points comparable in size to files and reamers; used to fill canals
cement pastes and fillers zinc oxide and eugenol mixes and commercial materials; used to cement points in canal
chemicals chemical action used in conjunction with operator treatment
biomechanical action result from a chemical action
chelator (chemical ion softener) used to soften tissues
desiccant (dry up, remove) methanol or ethanol alcohol, used to dry the area or clear away other chemical traces
medicament (medicine or remedy) used for antimicrobial action, to prevent pain, and to neutralize the pulpal area
curettage (scraping of cavity) scraping of the apical area; may be necessary to remove necrotic tissue
apicoetomy a procedure that may be necessary to remove the root apex, particularly where there is a radicular cyst involvement of the affected tooth
root amputation (surgical removal of body part, root) separating and removing molar roots of an affected tooth at the junction into the crown
root hemisection (cutting tissue or organ in half) surgical division of a multi-rooted tooth that may be performed in a lengthwise manner
bicuspidization surgical division of a tooth retaining both sides
traumatized (wounded) teeth with cariety of pulp injuries
luxation (dislocation) tooth movement that may be classified in four ways
concussion (shaken violently) tooth loosened as a result of a blow; usually recovery occurs with minimal attention
subluxation (under displacement) tooth partially dislocated; may evidence bleeding but require only minor attention
lateral luxation tooth may be partially displaced with the root apex tilted forward
extruded luxation (pushed out of normal position) tooth may be forced partially out of its socket
avulsion replantation (forced or torn away) teeth that have been accidentally lost
fracture breakage; may be a broken cusp, broken crown, broken root, or split tooth
replantation replacing an avulsed tooth in its tooth socket
transplantation (across, plant) transfer of a tooth from one alveolar socket to another
autogenous (self origin) moving a tooth from one position in the oral cavity to another area in the same cavity
homogeneous (same origin) transferring and inserting a tooth from one patient to another
heterogenous (other origin) transfer from one species to another
implantation (into place) placing titanium metal extensions into the tooth root
Created by: b_nybabe101