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Art Midterm

What is an example of an art subject matter? Landscapes, cityscapes, the figure, the portrait, still life
What is an art medium/media? Drawing, painting, collage, printmaking, sculpture, fibers
Line A path traced by a moving point
Shape The general outline of an object
2-D Shape Flat
3-D Shape Geometric or organic
Texture The roughness or smoothness of a surface; can be simulated (implied) or real (actual)
Space Can be flat or show the illusion of depth or perspective; linear perspective and atmospheric perspective
Color/Hue The effect of the reflection of light on the back of the eye or retina
What are the primary colors? Red, yellow, blue
Secondary colors Mixing two primary colors; orange, green, purple
Intermediate/tertiary One primary and one secondary color (yellow-green)
Complementary Colors Opposite on the color wheel
Warm Colors Red, orange, yellow
Cool Colors Blue, green, purple
Value The lightness or darkness of pencil tones or colors
Balance The distribution of visual weight in a work of art
Symmetrical Balance Formal balance is equal on both side or mirror images
Asymmetrical Balance Not the same on both sides or informal balance
Unity Combines the principles of design and the physical aspects of a painting to creat a single, harmonious artwork
Emphasis/focal point/center of interest The first thing your eye sees in a work of art
Contrast Differences in a work of art using art elements
Pattern Repetition of motifs, colors, shapes, or lines (repetition of art elements)
Rhythm Art elemts are repeated to create movement in an artwork
Movement Movement directs the viewer's eyes to the center of interest; shows action in a work of art
What does it mean to "draw what you see, not what you know"? Draw what you see, not what you imagine is there
Perception of Edges Expressed through "line" or "contour" drawing
Perception of Spaces "Negative" spaces
Perception of Relationships Perspective and proportion
Perception of Lights and Shadows Often called "shading"
Perception of the Gestalt The whole, or the "thingness" of the thing
Foreshortening Making something shorter to make it look real
How do you "set a ground"? Charcoal/graphite stick to set a background
What are "shared edges"? Same sides
What is "sighting"? Using a ruler or a pencil for measurement
Profile The side view
Stippling Making a piece of artwork with little dots
Hatching Making a piece of artwork with lines
Cosshatching Making a piece of artwork with lines crossing each other
Created by: archergirl



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