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Sociolinguistic/psycholinguistics/language and Brain

Malapropism Switching one word for another. Two words have similar form.
Matrix Language Dominant language when code switching
Relexification Hypothesis All Creoles come from a template (or a photo-pidgin)
Language Bioprogram Hypothesis Creoles sound similar because all children have a similar way of learning language.
Creole continuum Range of varieties of a creole.
Acrolect Most resembles Lexifier Language
Basilect Least resembles lexifier language
Ethnonyms preferred name for an ethnic group
Ethnomethodology Conversation analysis
Adjacency Pair One specific type of utterance is followed by another from a different person.
Morphological Decomposition form of language processing where words are broken into individual morphemes.
Prosody Intonation of a sentence.
Markers speech difference that has social implications
Indicators Speech difference that does NOT have social implications
Selectional Restrictions Restrictions play a role in how we process language.
Sentence Ambiguity One word in a sentence can have multiple meanings
Psycholinguistic Modelling Theories that are created so linguists can accurately test hypotheses.
Salience Whether or not speech differences are noticeable.
Intra-speaker variation Variation within individual speakers
Inter-speaker variation How speech varies according to a speaker's social characteristics.
Late Closure Parsing a sentence as you go. Attaching new words onto the clause we are processing.
Minimal Attachment We do not build more syntactic structure than is necessary.
Variable A word or phoneme that has multiple possible pronunciations
Variant Each possible pronunciation of a word or phoneme.
Variations Sociolinguistics Where there are social differences there will also be linguistic differences
Parsing Interpreting a sentence as you go.
Language Planning Creating solutions to linguistic gaps in a certain speech community.
High Involvement Style people speak right after one another often interrupting each other. (culture dependent)
Openings and Closings Utterances that start and end conversations
Lexifer Language Language that supplies words for a pidgin.
Syntax Module using a rule system to process sentences. Autonomous from other processing
Linguistic Relativity Structure of a language affects the ways the speakers conceptualize their world.
Cohort Model When we hear the beginning of a word we search our mental lexicon for all words that start with those sounds.
Dual Route to reading aloud. 1. Converting letters into sounds (bottom-up processing) 2. Using info stored in our mental lexicon to find words that sound similar (top-down processing)
Surface Dyslexia Person knows rules and can read nonsense words with normal spelling. Have trouble with irregular spelling.
Phonological Dyslexia Know words that they have seen before (keep the words stored in their mental lexicon). Have trouble with nonsense words.
Dense & Multiplex Social Networks Small group of people interact with each other. Reinforces traditional ways of speaking. Less likely to change (small town)
Sociolect Dialect of a particular social class
Ethnolect variety of a language associated with a certain ethnic or cultural group
Created by: KiraB
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