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Finger MMT

2nd - 5th Digits

TermDefinition
DIP Flexion (2-5) AG Position Forearm supported in supination
DIP Flexion (2-5) AG Stabilize Middle phalanx of each finger as it is tested; wrist should remain in neutral position
DIP Flexion (2-5) AG Palpate Flexor digitorum profundus
DIP Flexion (2-5) AG Observe (S) flex the DIP joint
DIP Flexion (2-5) AG Resist Using one finger, (E) pulls the head of distal phalanx toward extension
DIP Flexion (2-5) AG Substitution Wrist extension causes tenodesis action
DIP Flexion (2-5) GD Position Forearm supported in mid position
DIP Flexion (2-5) GD Stabilize Middle phalanx of each finger as it is tested
DIP Flexion (2-5) GD Palpate Flexor digitorum profundus
DIP Flexion (2-5) GD Observe (S) flex the DIP joint
PIP Flexion (2-5) AG Position Forearm supported in supination
PIP Flexion (2-5) AG Stabilize Proximal phalanx of finger being tested
PIP Flexion (2-5) AG Palpate Flexor digitorum superficialis
PIP Flexion (2-5) AG Observe (S) flex the PIP joint
PIP Flexion (2-5) AG Resist Using one finger, (E) pulls head of middle phalanx toward extension
PIP Flexion (2-5) AG Substitution Wrist extension causes tenodesis action
PIP Flexion (2-5) GD Position Forearm supported in mid position
PIP Flexion (2-5) GD Stabilize Proximal phalanx of finger being tested
PIP Flexion (2-5) GD Palpate Flexor digitorum superficialis
PIP Flexion (2-5) GD Observe (S) flex the PIP joint
MCP Flexion (5th Digit) AG Position Forearm supported in supination
MCP Flexion (5th Digit) AG Stabilize Other fingers in extension
MCP Flexion (5th Digit) AG Palpate Flexor digiti minimi
MCP Flexion (5th Digit)AG Observe (S) flexes the 5th finger at MP joint without flexing the IP joints
MCP Flexion (5th Digit) AG Resist Using one finger, (E) pushes head of the proximal phalanx toward extension
MCP Flexion (5th Digit) AG Substitution Flexor digitorum superficialis, flexor digitorum profundus
MCP Flexion (5th Digit) GD Position Forearm supported in mid position
MCP Flexion (5th Digit) GD Stabilize Other fingers in extension
MCP Flexion (5th Digit) GD Palpate Flexor digit minimi
MCP Flexion GD Observe (S) flexes the 5th MP joint
MP Extension (2-5) AG Position Forearm pronated & supported, wrist supported in neutral position & fingers flexed at all joints
MP Extension (2-5) Stabilize Wrist and metacarpals
MP Extension (2-5) Palpate Extensor digitorum, extensor indicis, extensor digit minimi
MP Extension (2-5) Observe (S) extends MP joints, keeping PIP & DIP joints flexed
MP Extension (2-5) Resist Using one finger,(E) pushes head of each proximal phalanx toward flexion, one at a time
MP Extension (2-5) Substitution Tenodesis action
MP Extension (2-5) GD Position Forearm supported in mid position, wrist in neutral position, fingers flexed
MP Extension (2-5) GD Stabilize Wrist and metacarpals
MP Extension (2-5) GD Palpate Extensor digitorum, extensor indicis, extensor digiti minimi
MP Extension (2-5) GD Observe (S) extends MP joints, keeping the DIP and PIP joints flexed
Abduction (2,3,4,5) AG Position For dorsal interossei 2 and 3, forearm rests on ulnar border on supporting surface w/ hand free and MP's adducted & slightly flexed; dorsal interossei 3 and 4 and abductor digiti minimi, arm is internally rotated
Abduction (2,3,4,5) AG Stabilize Support the hand lightly
Abduction (2,3,4,5) AG Palpate Dorsal interossei (4) , abductor digiti minimi
Abduction (2,3,4,5) AG Observe (S) moves index finger away from middle finger, the middle finger toward index finger, the middle finger toward ring finger, & ring finger toward little finger, & little finger away from ring finger
Abduction (2,3,4,5) AG Resist (E) pushes head of the proximal phalanx of each finger, toward direction opposite to its test motion
Abduction (2,3,4,5) AG Substitution Extensor digitorum; gravity
Abduction (2,3,4,5) GD Position Forearm pronated & supported w/ hand free, MPs are adducted and slightly flexed
Abduction (2,3,4,5) GD Stabilize Support hand lightly D
Abduction (2,3,4,5) GD Palpate Dorsal interossei (4), abductor digiti minimi
Abduction (2,3,4,5) GD Observe Same as AG
Adduction (2,4,5) Position palmar interossei 4 & 5, support forearm on ulnar border of wrist w/ fingers extended & abducted. For palmar interosseus 2, arm internally rotated & forearm pronated so hand can be supported on radial border, w/ hand free, & fingers extended & abducted
Adduction (2,4,5) Stabilize Support hand lightly
Adduction (2,4,5) Palpate Palmar interossei
Adduction (2,4,5) Observe (S) moves index, ring, then little finger toward middle finger
Adduction (2.4.5) AG Resist (E) pulls head of proximal phalanx of each finger one by one
Adduction (2,4,5) AG Substitution extrinsic finger flexors, gravity
Adduction (2,4,5) GD Position Forearm supinated & supported
Adduction (2,4,5) GD Stabilize support hand lightly
Adduction (2,4,5) GD Palpate Palmar interossei
Adduction (2,4,5) GD Observe Same as AG Adduction
Created by: jello-cup