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Elbow/Forearm/Wrist

MMT

TermDefinition
Elbow Flexion AG Position (S) sitting w/ arm adducted at shoulder and extended at elbow, held against side of trunk
Elbow Flexion AG Stabilize Humerus in adduction
Elbow Flexion AG Palpate Biceps brachii, brachialis, brachioradialis
Elbow Flexion AG Observe (S) flex elbow, hand toward face
Elbow Flexion AG Resist Distal end of volar surface of forearm, pulling downward toward elbow extension
Elbow Flexion AG Substitution GD plane, wrist flexors may substitute
Elbow Extension AG Position (S) lying prone w/ humerus abducted to 90 degrees and elbow flexed to 90 degrees, forearm in neutral position & perpendicular to floor
Elbow Extension AG Stabilize humerus
Elbow Extension AG Palpate Triceps, anconeus
Elbow Extension AG Observe (S) extend elbow to just less than max range
Elbow Extension AG Resist Distal end of forearm into elbow flexion
Elbow Extension AG Substitution None
Elbow Extension GD Position (S) seated w/ abducted to 90 degrees, supported if necessary & elbow fully extended
Elbow Extension GD Stabilize Humerus
Elbow Ext GD Palpate Triceps, anconeus
Elbow Ext GD Observe (S) extends elbow, moving hand away from shoulder
Forearm Supination AG Position (S) seated w/ adducted, elbow flexed to 90 degrees, forearm pronated; wrist & fingers relaxed
Forearm Supination AG Stabilize Humerus
Forearm Supination AG Palpate Supinator, biceps
Forearm Supination AG Observe (S) supinate forearm, turning hand palm up
Forearm Supination AG Resist Grasp around dorsal aspect of distal forearm w/ fingers & heel of hand, turning arm toward pronation
Forearm Supination AG Substitution Wrist and finger extensors
Forearm Sup GD Position (S) seated w/ adducted, elbow flexed to 90 degrees, forearm supinated, & wrist & fingers relaxed
Forearm Sup GD Stabilize Humerus
Forearm Sup GD Palpate Supinator, biceps
Forearm Sup GD Observe (S) supinate forearm, turning palm of hand toward face
Forearm Pro AG Position (S) seated w/ adducted, elbow flexed to 90 degrees, forearm supinated, & wrist & fingers relaxed
Forearm Pro AG Stabilize Humerus
Forearm Pro AG Palpate Pronator teres, pronator quadratus
Forearm Pro AG Observe (S) pronate forearm, turning hand palm down
Forearm Pro AG Resist Grasp around dorsal aspect of distal forearm w/fingers & heel of hand, turning arm toward supination
Forearm Pro AG Substitution Wrist & fingers flexors
Forearm Pro GD Position (S) seated w/ shoulder flexed to 90 degrees & upper arm supported, elbow flexed to 90 degrees, forearm in full supination
Forearm Pro GD Stabilize Humerus
Forearm Pro GD Palpate Pronator teres, pronator quadratus
Forearm Pro GD Observe (S) pronates forearm, turning palm of hand away from face
Wrist Flexion AG Position Forearm supinated, on supporting surface, wrist in neutral position, fingers & thumb relaxed
Wrist Flexion AG Stabilize Forearm
Wrist Flexion AG Palpate Flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris
Wrist Flexion AG Observe (S) flexes wrist
Wrist Flexion AG Resist Fingers placed across (S) palm and pull toward wrist extension
Wrist Flexion AG Substitution Abductor pollicis longus, flexor pollicis longus, digitorum superficialis, flexor digitorum profundus
Wrist Flexion GD Position Forearm in mid position w/ ulnar border of hand resting on supporting surface
Wrist Flexion GD Stabilize Forearm
Wrist Flexion GD Palpate Flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris
Wrist Flexion GD Observe (S) flexes wrist
Wrist Extension AG Position Forearm pronated on supporting surface, wrist in neutral
Wrist Extension AG Stabilize Forearm
Wrist Extension AG Palpate Extensor carpi radialis longus, extensor carpi radialis brevis, extensor carpi ulnaris
Wrist Extension AG Observe (S) extend wrist
Wrist Extension AG Resist Palm is placed across dorsum of (S) hand & pushes toward flexion
Wrist Extension AG Substitution Extensor pollicis longus, extensor digitorum
Wrist Extension GD Position Forearm in mid position w/ ulnar border of hand resting on supporting surface
Wrist Extension GD Stabilize Forearm
Wrist Extension GD Palpate Extensor carpi radialis longus, extensor carpi radialis brevis, extensor carpi ulnaris
Wrist Extension GD Observe (S) extend the wrist
Created by: jello-cup