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Urinary #2

QuestionAnswer
Albuminuria The presence of a abnormal amount of protein in the urine
Antiseptic A substance that tends to inhabit the growth and reproduction of microorganisms
Anuria Stopping production of urine
Arteriole The smallest branch of an artery
Bacteriuria The presence of more than 100,000 pathogenic bacteria per milliliter of urine
Bowman's capsule The cup shaped end of a renal tubule containing a glomerulus
Turbid Cloudy
Cortex The putter layer of a body organ or structure
Dialysate Solution that contains water and electrolytes that passes through the artificial kidney
Dwell time The length of time the dialysis solution stays in the peritoneal cavity during peritoneal dialysis
Dysuria Painful urination
Erythropoietin A hormone synthesized mainly in the kidneys and released into the bloodstream
First-voided specimen The first voided specimen of the morning
Glomerular filtration Substances that filter out the blood through a thin wall of the glomeruli
Glomerulus A ball shaped collection of very tiny, coiled and intertwined capillaries
Glycosuria Abnormal amount of glucose in the urine
Hematuria Abnormal amount of blood in the urine
Hilum Pit in the organ where the vessels and nerves enter
Ketonuria Presence of excessive amounts of ketone bodies in the urine
Medulla The most internal part of a structure or organ
Micturition The act of eliminating urine from the bladder
Mid-stream specimen Peeing and then wiping with a antiseptic, and them the next set is collected
Nephrolith Kidney stones
Nocturia Urination, mostly at night
Oliguria Secretion of a diminished amount of urine in relation to fluid intake
Peritoneum Membrane That covers the entire abdominal wall of body
Peritonitis Inflammation of the peritoneum
pH The acidity of a solution
Polydipsia Excessive thirst
Polyuria Excretion of large amounts of urine
Pus A think yellowish liquid produced from infected tissue
Pyuria Pus in urine
Rental pelvis The central collecting part of the kidney that narrows into the large upper end of the ureter
Residual urine Urine that remains in the bladder after urination
Uremia Excessice amounts of urea and other waste products in blood
Urgency A feeling of the need to void urine immediately
Urinary incontinence Inability to control urination
Ureter One pair of tubes the carries urine from the kidney to the bladder
Cystitis Inflammation of the urinary bladder, urgency and frequency urination
Glomerulonephritis Inflammation of the glomerulus of the kidneys characterize by proteinuria
Hydronephrosis Distension of the pelvis and calyces of the kidneys caused by urine that cannot flow past an obstruction in a ureter
Polycystic kidney Hereditary disorder of the kidneys in which grape like fluid filled sacs or cysts, replace normal kidney tissue
Pyelonephritis Bacterial infection of the renal palvis of the kidney
Vesicureteral reflux Abnormal backflow or urine from the bladder to the ureter resulting from a congenital defect
Created by: kawahara
 

 



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