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Verbals (def.)

Definitions of the different types of verbal and verbal phrases

The present progressive (-ing) or the past tense (-ed) of a verb used as an adjective. Participles
The present progressive (-ing) form of a verb used as a noun. Gerunds
A verb proceeded by the word 'to'. It can serve as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Infinitives
Words, objects, complements, and modifiers added to an original participle, gerund, or infinitive. Verbal Phrase
Received the action of a verb. Example: Eating the pizza was no small task. ("The pizza' is the _____________ of the gerund 'eating'. It answers the questions 'eating what?") Direct Object
Names the noun to whom or for whom the action was done. Example: Giving her the roses was the hardest thing I've ever done. (The noun 'roses' is the direct object of the verb 'giving'. It answers the question "Giving what?" The pronoun "her" is the? Indirect Object
Rename or define nouns (subject or objects) in the sentence. Example: Being the oldest child, she did a lot of free babysitting. (The noun 'child' is the _________ of the subject of the sentence 'she'.) Complement
These words describe or clarify the verbals. Example: Eating quickly, I had no time to talk. (Quickly describes how I was eating.) Modifiers
Created by: kmott8