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prosthesis a replacement for a missing body part
fixed appliance one that is placed in the mouth and is not intended for removal
removable appliance one that is placed in and out of the mouth at the patients will
implantology the science of dental implants
noble metals the valuable alloys
base metals which may be used alone or in a mixture with noble alloys
porcelain (hard, translucent ceramic ware) shells, veneer covers, or facing fused to the surface of a metal crown to give the appearance of natural tooth surfaces
composite resin material used for tooth-colored replacement
acrylic synthetic resin material used in fabrication of appliance parts, as coverings for the metal frameworks, or as natural tissue replacement
ceramic a hard brittle material produced from non-metallic substances fires at high temp.
titanium corrosion-resistant, lightweight, strong bio-compatible metal used in dental implants and posts
hardness ability of a material to withstand penetration
tensile strength capability of a material to be stretched
elasticity ability of a material to be stretched and then resume its original shape
ductility ability of a material to be drawn or hammered out, as into a fine wire, without breaking
malleability ability of a material to be pressed or hammered out into various forms and shapes
elongation ability of a material to stretch before permanent deformation begins
inlay a solid casted or milled restoration involving some occlusal and proximal surfaces that is cemented into a tooth preparation
onlay a solid casted or milled restoration that covers some occlusal tooth cusp and side wall area that is cemented onto the perpared site
crown a fabricated, tooth-shaped cover replacement for a missing crown area that is cemented onto the remaining prepared crown surfaces
full crown cast metal, tooth-shaped cover that replaces the entire crown area
jacket crown thin, preformed, metal shield used to cover a large area of anterior crowns
dowel crown full crown coer with dowel pin extending into the root canal of a pulpless tooth, usually positioned on anterior teeth
three-quarter crown simialr to full crown, covering all of the crown except the facial surface of the tooth that remains intact, to present an esthetic natural appearance
porcelain-fused-to-gold (PMF) crown that has a complete capping of metal base with fused porcelain to metal, giving tooth contour, shape, and cover
direct veneer is placed and cured directly on the tooth surface to build up the area or replace missing tooth structure
indirect veneer tooth material is prepared in the lab and later cemented onto the tooth structure
bridge a prosthesis used to replace one or more teeth
fixed bridge cemented into the oral cavity and not removed by the parient; the number of teeth involved in the appliance determines the number of units
Maryland bridge replaces anterior or posterior tooth and is cemented directly to the adjacent or abutting teeth; also called resin-bonded bridge
cantilever bridge bridge with unsupported end, usually saddled
pontic artificial tooth part of the bridge that replaces the missing tooth and restores function to the bite
abutment natural tooth or teeth that are prepared to hold or support the retaining part of the bridgework in position
adjacent (nearby or adjoining) may be included in units if they are involved in the bridge area
complete denture (removable appliance composed of artificial teeth set in an acrylic base) full denture designed to replace the entire dentition of an upper or lower arch
partial denture removable appliance, usuallt composed of framework, artificial teeth, and acrylic material; replaces one or more teeth in an arch
immediate denture denture prosthesis that is placed into the mouth at the time the natural teeth are surgically removed
overdenture prosthetic denture that is prepared to fit and be secured upon implant posts or prepared retained roots
framework metal skeleton or spine onto which a removable prosthesis is constructed
saddle the part of the removable prosthesis that strides or straddles the gingival crest; used to balance the prosthesis, and serves as a nase for placement of artificial teeth
rests small extensions of removable prosthesis made to fit fit or sit atop the adjoinging teeht; provide balance and stability for the partial denture appliance
clasp extension of partial framework that grasps the adjoining teeth tp provide support and retention of the prosthesis
retainer in fixed prosthesis, the part of the appliance that joins with the abutting, natural tooth to support the appliance, like the pillar holding the span of a bridge over the water
connector (device used to unite or attach two or more parts together) used to connect quadrants of a partial denture or connect and support an overdenture
stress breaker a connector applied in stress-bearing areas to provide a safe area for breakage
artificial teeth anatomical substitiutes for natural teeth; made of porcelain or acrylic material in carious shades and shapes, called molds
denture base acrylic part of the denture prosthesis that substitutes for the gingival tissue
flange projecting rim or lower edge of prosthesis
post dam posterior edge of the maxillary denture; helps to maintain the denture and suction
elastomeric having properties similar to rubber
hydrocolloids (water, suspension) an impression material that is both recersible and irreversible
reversible hydrocolloids impression material that can change from a solid or gel state to a liquid form and back again, depending upon temp. changes
thermoplastic (heat, moveable) quality of a material that changes from a rigid to plastic or movable form as a result of aapplication of heat
irreversible hydrocolloid quality that , once chemically set or in gel form, cannot be reversed or used again
imbibition fluid absorption
extruder gun calibrated mixing dispenser
compound a non-elastic impression material that may be used in edentulous impressions
alveolectomy surgical removal of alveolar bone crests may be required to provide smooth alveolar ridge for denture seating
alveoplasty surgical reshaping or contouring of alveolar bone
extraction surgical removal of teeth
template guide or pattern
coping (coverings) metal cover placed over placed over the remaining natural tooth surfaces to provide attachments for overdentures
reduction (reducing) removal of tooth decay and surfaces to receive the appliance
chamfer (tapered margin at tooth cervix) preparation for crown placement
shoulder (cut gingival margin edge) preparation to provide junction of the crown and tooth
bevel (slanted edge) tooth preparation for seating and holding a crown
core buildup use of synthetic material to enlarge tooth core area to provide support for an artificial crown and to protect the pulpal tissues
post placement addition of a metal retention post to teeth that have had pulp removal and root canal enlargement, to aid in stability and strength
undercut removal of tooth structure near the gingival edge to provide a seat or placement for the extending edge of the appliance
retraction cord chemically treated cord placed in the gingival sulcus to obtain chemical or physical shrinking of the gingiva
inpregnated (saturated)
bite registration impression of teeth while they are in occlusion
open bite patient bites into the impression material
closed bite the material in injected and expressed around the desired teeth while they are in occlusion
opposing arch impressions of the occlusal surfaces of both arches are taken in the same procedure
work order written directions from the dentist to the laboratory completing the case
temporary or provisional coverage temporary protection for the prepared tooth while laboratory wirk is being completed
seating placement and fitting of appliance for try-in and final cementation. The patient bites on a stick or device, applying pressure for application of the crown or prosthetic item
condular inclination (pertaining to the condyle) observation of bite relationship and TMJ involvement
centric occuring when the condule rests in the temporal bone during biting, resting, and mouth movements
protrusion measurement with the mandible thrust forward, with the lower jaw out
retrusion measurement with the mandible drawn backward
lateral excursion measurement with side-to-side movement of the mandible
appearance indicators notations of the smile line and the length of the cuspid point
implant surgical insertion of implant posts or prepared frame to provide stabilization for overdentures or appliance retention
root form implant-endosseous screw-type device that is screwed or cemented into the mandibular bone; used for a single tooth or post implant
plate form implant used for the narrow jaw bone
subperiosteal implant plate or frame placed under the periodontium and stabilized on the mandibular bone
transosteal larger plate stabilized on the lower border of the mandibular bone with posts extending through the gingiva
osseointegration bone, bonding
Created by: b_nybabe101