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pediatric dentistry

QuestionAnswer
pedodontist dentist who specializes in the practice of the care of teeth and oral tissues of children
deciduous teeth baby teeth
caries dental decay
epulis fibrous, sarcomatous tumor, also called gumboil
abscess local collection of pus
cellulites inflammation in cellular or connective tissue
anodontia absence of teeth, usually of genetic origin
macrodontia abnormally large teeth
hyperdontia excess number of supernumerary teeth
hypodontia congenital absence of teeth
enamel hypoplasia underdevelopment of enamel tissue
dentinogenesis imperfecta genetic defect resulting in incomplete or improper development of dentin tissue
amelogenesis imperfecta imcomplete or improper development of enamel tissue
aplasia failure of an organ or body part to develop
dens in dente tooth within a tooth
germinate (sprout) attempted division of a single tooth
fusion of teeth union of two, independently developing primary or secondary teeth
early tooth exfoliation (shedding or falling off) tooth loss resulting in the shifting of teeth and loss of tooth position
ankylosis stiff joint; retention of diciduous tooth
intrinsic (on the inside) internal discoloration of teeth resulting from diet, medication, or excessive fluoride intake during tooth development
odontoma (tumor of a tooth or dental tissue)abnormal cell proliferation of cells
macroglossia englarged tongue
ankyloglossia abnormally short lingual frenum, causing limited tongue movement
fissured tongue grooved division, cleft, or split tongue
abnormal labial frenum enlarged or thick labial frenum that may cause diastema, and open area between the central incisors
micrognathia abnormally small jaw; undersized mandible
cherubism a genetic disorder resulting in enlargement of cheek tissue and other facial structures
papilloma neoplasm arising from epithelial cells; benign tumor
verruca vulgaris (oral warts) viral cause, possibly from finger sucking
fibroma fibrous tumor, benign in nature
granuloma granular tumor, usually of epithelioid or lymphoid cells
neurofibromatosis tumor on peripheral nerves
hemangioma vascular tumor, usually located in the neck/head area
lymphangioma tumor made up of lymphatic vessels
lymphoma new tissue growth within the lymphatic system
mycocele mucous cyst
ranula mucocele in the floor of the mouth in the sublingual duct
scorbutic lacking vitamin C
candidiasis fungus infection, thrush
enamoplasty is the selective reduction of fissures and occlusal irregularities caused by grinding
ankylosed fixed, stiff
festooned trimmed
apexogenesis treatment of a vital pulp to allow continued natrual development
apexification treatment of a nonvital tooth to stimulate closure and the development of cementum
pulp capping placement of medication to sedate and treat inflamed pulp
indirect capping is needed when the pulp has not yet been exposed
direct capping the medicament is placed directly upon the exposed, affected pulp
pulpotomy partial or full removal of pulpal tissue located in the crown
pulpectomy removal of pulpal tissue from the crown and root sections; may be endodontically filled immediately or followed later with endodontic treatment after apexification and closure of the apex of a young, secondary tooth
dental (rubber) dam provides control of tongue and saliva and maintains a sterile and open area
papoose board wrapping device used to restrain the patient for a difficult or precise treatment
topical anesthesia liquid, gel, or ointment that provides temporary numbering of the tissue surface
inhalation sedation administration of nitrous oxide with at least 30 percent oxygen
oral sedation completed by having the patient ingest the drug
intramuscular sedation (within the muscle) parenterally administrated sedation
rectal sedation placement of sedation drug in the rectum
submucosal (under the mucous membrane)deposit of the drug under the mucous memrane
subcutaneous (under the skin) injection of the drug under the tissues
intravenous (into the vein, vessel) injection of the drug into the vein
pulpal hyperemia congestion of blood within the pulp chambers
internal hemorrhage repture of pulpal capillaries
internal or external resorption destructive, dissolving process caused by odontoclastic action
pulpal necrosis pulpal death
ankylosis fusion of cementum of the root with the cribriform plate of the alveolar bone, with no intervening periodontal ligament
intrusion tooth thrusting into the alveolus with partial crown exposure
extrusion tooth thrust away from the alveolus
luxation tooth moved out of place
avulsion tooth forced out of its socket
personal information data including name, address, nicknames, ethnicity, hobbies, eyeglasses, tattoos, scars, birthmarks,and so forth
dental charting record current tooth development, dentition characteristics, and treatment data
radiographs current tooth placement and expected tooth development
photographs frontal and side veiws with profile and tooth growth
toothprint a thermoplastic wafer imperssion record of the child's unique occlusion
saliva fluid collection containing the child's DNA and scent for use with tracking dogs in missing child cases
Created by: b_nybabe101