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Higher Edu Vocab

QuestionAnswer
ACT College admission test that measures English, math, reading, and science reasoning. Scores range from 1-36 along with a composite score and 11 sub-scores broken down by subject areas. www.act.org
Advanced Placement (AP) Tests Designed for students who have completed college level work in his school, AP tests are given in specific subject areas and are used to determine if a student may gain advanced standing in college.
Admission The decision to allow a student to enter a college or university.
Admission Test A standardized test used in the admission process to predict the likelihood of a student's success in college.
Application A formal request for admission to a college or university; requires the submission of forms and other materials.
Aptitude A natural ability or talent.
Associate's Degree (A.A., A.S.) A two-year degree that generally prepares a student for further study.
Bachelor's Degree (B.A., B.S., B.F.A., B.A.A.) A four-year degree in a specified subject.
Certificate Recognition provided to a student for completion of a short-term vocational or career training program.
Class Rank A student's approximate standing in her/his graduating class, based on grade point average (e.g., 72nd in a class of 410; in the "upper fifth" of the class.
Common Application A standardized application form used by a consortium of colleges for admission.
Degree The rank or title given by a college or university to a student who has met coursework and graduation requirements.
Doctorate Degree (Ph.D.) Master's Degree plus advanced graduate courses in specialized area. Requires three to five years of additional full-time studies after completion of a Master's Degree.
Educational Testing Service (ETS) A nonprofit agency established but The College Board to produce educational tests (www.wts.org)
Expected Family Contribution (EFC) An amount the student and student's family are expected to contribute toward his/her education. It is used in determining eligibility for federal student aid.
Extracurricular Activities Any school activity, such as athletics, drama, or music, that offers the student an opportunity to complement his or her classroom experiences.
FAFSA (Free Application for Federal Student Aid) A form required by the government for application to any federal education aid program. It can contribute to a student's total college financial aid package, free of charge.
Financial Aid or Assistance Any financial award to a student (grant, scholarship, or loan).
Grade Point Average (GPA) An indicator of the student's overall scholastic performance.
Grants Awards based on financial need that do not require repayment. Grants are available through federal government, state agencies, and edu institutions.
Honors Program Any programs offering the opportunity for superior students to enrich their educational experience through independent, advanced, or accelerated study.
Letter of Recommendation An assessment of the student's aptitudes, abilities, and interests, written by a teacher or counselor and used by colleges and universities in the admission process.
Major The subject of study in which the student chooses to specialize; a series of related courses, taken primarily in the junior and senior years of college.
Master's Degree (M.S., M.A.) Bachelor's Degree plus graduate courses in specialized areas. A master's degree usually requires two additional years of full-time studies after completion of Bachelor's Degree
Open Admissions The policy of some colleges of admitting virtually al high school graduates, regardless of academic qualifications such as high school grades and admission scores.
PLAN A pre-ACT test and examination of interests and skills for 10th graders.
Post-secondary Opportunities that are available after graduation from high school (secondary school); usually refers to colleges and universities in the admission process. May also be required for scholarship applications.
PSAT/NMSQT Preliminary SAT and National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test. Enables students to practice for the SAT Reasoning Test and serves as the qualifying test for scholarship competitions conducted by National Merit Scholarship Corporation.
Regular Decision The application process in which a student submits an application to an institution by a speci- fied date and receives a decision within a reasonable and clearly stated period of time, but not later than April 15.
Rolling Admission The application process whereby a college reviews an application when the individual folder (application form and all supporting data) is completed and communicates the admission decision within a few weeks of reviewing the folder.
SAT(Reasoning Test) College admission test designed to measure critical reading, math, and writing skills needed for academic success in college. SAT® scores range from 200 to 800 in each of the three sections (writing, math, and critical reading). www.collegeboard.com.
Scholarship Financial aid based on merit and paid directly to the student in the form of an outright gift. Some scholarships are given to students who exhibit a particular ability or skill, such as in music or athletics.
Standardized Tests Tests such as the ACT and SAT® that provide college admission officers with a comparative standard for evaluating a student’s academic aptitude and likelihood of success in college.
Student Aid Report (SAR) The information received after the FAFSA has been processed. The SAR reports the Expected Family Contribution (EFC).
Transcript The official record of high school or college courses and grades, generally required as part of the col- lege application.
Work/Study Money earned in a job obtained through the help of the college’s financial aid office. Hours/location of the job are compatible with academic life and school schedule.
Diploma Certificate issued by a school, college, or university to a student who has met coursework and graduation requirements.
Early Action Early action is used primarily in highly selective colleges. Under an early action program, it is possible for an applicant to be denied admission outright and not automatically deferred for later consideration.
Early Decision Not to be confused with early action, early decision is a plan under which a student applies to the first-choice college early in the fall and agrees by contract to enter that college if offered admission.
Early Intervention A process that begins in the late elementary and middle school grades when counselors and educators introduce the concepts of preparation for college and the admission process to students and parents.
Created by: isaejw