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Digital Literacy

Information Technology The use of computers, storage, networking, physical device, infrastructure and processes To create store, secure, exchange Electronic data.
Desktop First screen you see on your computer. Different on everyone's computer. •wallpaper •icons •task bar •window
Folders Way to keep similar information. •sub folders
RAM Random Access Memory •computer stores the programs and data it's running • really FAST •the more RAM's you have the more it can do • once computer is turned off everything in RAM is gone
ROM Read Only Memory •firmware cannot be changed or modified or can be with difficulty •Firmware= Tied closely to hardware and unlikely to need frequent updates
WAN Wide Area Network Spans out to large geographical area (infinite) •used for external (phone lines and Internet)
LAN Local Area Network Small area •house networks, small businesses
Software •application/ system • program or instructions that tells hardware what to do
Computer Processing (CPU) Also known as the microprocessor of the computer Coordinates and controls all parts of the computer and does the actual computing.
Icon Picture on screen Represents software or fonctions
Internet Global system of interconnected computers
Operating System (system storage) -most important software -all computers need one -allows you to communicate with computer without speaking it's language -manages memory, processes and all of its software and hardware
Standalone -Desktop or Laptop that doesn't need a network or any other device to fonction -applications are loaded onto a hard disk
Microprocessor "Brains" -coordinates and Conroe all other parts of the computer -preforms the actual computing (mathematical and logical operations)
Input -machine/device that feeds data into a computer
Output -Machine capable of showing/representing information from a computer
Input/Output Device that transfers data to or from a computer and to or from a peripheral device
Processing Manipulation of data by the microprocessor or embedded processor according to instructions by a program or its chip
Storage Device in which information is stored
Software vs. Hardware Software is the different kinds of programs/operating system a computer uses to fonction. Hardware (peripheral devices) is an external device that connects to your computer. It's the actual machine and its physical components that make up a computer
World Wide Web A collection of resources and Hypertext files that can be accessed by either a web browser or web server
Web browser A software program that allows you to access the different resources in the WWW
ISP Internet service provider Company you connect with to access the internet
URL Uniform Resource Locator Address for resource or site that the web browsers use to locate files on the WWW
HTML Hypertext Markup Language Uses a limited list of tags that define the general structure of different documents linked together on the WWW
Hyperlinks A text or graphic link in HTML. Clicking on one of these will redirect you to another part of either the same document or another website, webpage or resource on the Web.
Website A collection of network services that are connected together and exist on the web on a particular server
Homepage First page you see when you go onto a website
Multimedia Using two or more types of media at the same time Text with sound Images with music Interactive games
Downlaoding Adding software or other files to your computer from a remote one
Plug-In An add on piece of software that allows you to add the capabilities of a web browser and be able to run multimedia files Microsoft Internet Explorer Firefox
Streaming Media A way to watch or listen to multimedia files without downloading them You can listen or watch then seconds after they have been received to your computer from the Web
Uploading The opposite of downloading. To broadcast a file from your computer to a remote one
Mouse Input A small device that users use to complete one or more actions on their display screen
Monitor Output displays the Input typically from a mouse or keyboard and also allows users to open programs and interact with the computer
Keyboard Input allows the user to type and complete actions from your keyboard.
Printer Output a device linked to your computer used to print text or pictures onto paper
Light Pen Input Similar to a mouse, it is a light sensitive detector that allows you to directly point and select objects on a display screen.
Modem Input/output a device or program that allows computer to send data over telephone or cable lines
CD-ROM Input/Output a type of optical disk that can store large amounts of data.
Joy-Stick Input/Output a cursor control device that replaces a mouse when playing video games
Track Ball Input is an upside down mouse cursor control device used in many notebook and laptop computers. You roll the ball using you fingers.
Scanner Input a device that captures images from photographic prints, posters, magazines for computer editing and display.
Touch Pad Input An alternate to a mouse it is also used for pointing on a computer display screen. Usually incorporated into laptops they can also be used with a desktop computer.
Web Cam Input A digital camera that's connected to your computer. Sends Live Pictures over the Internet. Many laptops come with them but you can also buy one sepreatley.
Speakers Output Their purpose is to produce audio output that can be heard by the listener. Some are designed specifically for computers while others can be used with any type of sound system.
Microphone Input is used to project a voice. A device that people sing or speak into.
Projector Output a device that uses light and lenses to take an image and project it onto a larger screen or wall.
Digital Camera Input/Output records and stores photographic images in a digital form. Also have the ability to capture video or sound.
USB Input/Output Also known as a flash drive -is a plug and play portable storage device that uses flash memory. When plugged into a USB port you can add or transfer data onto your computer.
Resume Word Processor
Collections of books Database
Monthly budget Spreadsheet
Colourful graphs Word processor
Brochure for an upcoming event Word processor
English Essay Word processor
Income statement Spreadsheet
A presentation with pictures Presentation software
Address book Database
Business letter Word processor
Quarterly sales data for a store Spreadsheet
Inventory records for a store Database
Flier for a garage sale Word processor
Hospital medical records Database
Track your summer earnings by week in order to calculate your average earings Spreadsheet
Write a letter with pictures Word processor
Police records Database
Use a software to enter all of you marks and calculate your average Spreadsheet
Create a collection of photos to show your friends Presentation software
Poster announcing a garage sale Word processor
System Software Brings the computers hardware parts together by providing instructions and telling them what they need to do and provides tools for day to day user tasks such as displaying a list of contained files on a disk
Application software Added to a system through a disk and turns the computer into a tool for specific learning.
Benefits of organizing files on your computer (3) 1. Saves time 2. Decreases stress level 3. Makes your computer looks much more professional 4. Maximizes storage 5.increases storage efficiency
Ways to organize By subject or course, by date, by program/software used, by unit or topic.
There are _________ different ways to _________. Many Organize
Created by: Chickymae