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ist 101 computer

midterm study sheet

QuestionAnswer
Computers use langauges what are they called binary
In binary language, each letter of the alphabet, each number, and each special symbol is made up of a unique combination of eight ________ bits
large and expensive computers used by simutaneously are called what Mainframe computer
computers are specially designed computer chips that reside inside other devices such as a car. Embedded
A keyboard and mouse are examples of ________ devices. input
The number of pixels displayed on the screen is known as screen resolution
The ________ contains the central electronic components of the computer. motherboard
is the abbreviation for the place in the computer where the programs and data the computer is currently using are temporarily stored. RAM
RAM is a ________ storage location volatile
The area that holds all the startup instructions the computer needs to start is the _____ ROM
Dropbox is an example of ________ cloud storage
CPU processes commands issued by software instructions
RAM stores programs and data the computer is currently using
ROM holds start up instructions needed when the computer is powered on
LED more energy efficient than LCD monitors
QWERTY standard keyboard layout
Which transmission medium transmits data the fastest? Fiber-optic cable
On a network, a(n) ________ helps prevent data packets from colliding with each other switch
Using a network without the network owner's permission is known as ___ piggybacking
software used to set up and manage a network NOS
What is oveclocking. Running the CPU at a faster speed then the manufacturer recommended is called
what were the top cyber crime reported by the IC3 thefts of service
what is a boot sector viruses are often transmitted by a flash drive left in a USB port.
what is a time bomb viruses that accurs only on a specific date in history
what are polymorph it can change code to avoid detection
what is pharming When malicious code is planted on your computer and alters your browser's ability to find web addresses
what is cyber loafing Using your computer for non-work activities while you are being paid to work i
packet filtering method for selectively allowing certain requests to access ports
CAPTCHA program that generates distorted text and require that it be typed into a box
geotag data attached to a photo that indicates when/where the photo was taken
outsourcing When a business hires a third-party firm to provide services it once offered itself
offshoring When a U.S. company hires a company outside of the United States
Home-based Which type of job involves little day-to-day supervision and requires a worker who is self-disciplined?
Running the Disk Defragmenter utility will __ make the hard drive work more efficiently
what is top down design __ breaks down a problem into a series of high-level tasks and continues to break each task into successively more detailed subtasks.
what is visual basic s a programming language that can be used to create a wide range of Windows applications
what is certification provides a consistent method of measuring skill levels in a specific IT area
what is a solid state uses electronic memory and has no motors or moving parts.
relavitism s the theory that holds that there is no universal moral truth and that instead moral principles are dictated by cultural tastes and customs.
Divine theory command God is all knowing and sets moral standarards
ethics The study of the general nature of morals and of the specific moral choices individuals
Created by: burn