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Devlp. of language

Development of Language

Definition of Language Language is a shared system which uses arbirtury symbols and representing concepts, with rules that govern it.
Why do animals not exhibit language Animals cannot produce the three aspects of human language: 1 Displacement (Past, Present, Future) 2 Productivity (original utterances) 3 Grammatical rules
The Three Characteristics of Language Productivity(new and unique sentences), Semanticity (word meaning and grammar), Displacement(Past, present, and future).
Expressive Language What you say/communicate. Example: Speaking writing, thinking
Receptive Language What you hear/get out of the language. Example: Reading, comprehending, and listening
Divisions of Language (the Five components) Phonetics (phonemes, sounds we hear) Morphology (different components of words) Semanticity (word meaning) Syntax (grammar of Language) Pragmatics (use of language in different social situations)
Behavorisim nuture based theory. based on recordable behaviors (operent/ classical conditioning) Believes that parents do the majority of teaching.
Nativism believes there is an innate thing inside everyone to learn language and environment is merely a trigger. Explains quickness of language
Interactionisim Combination of behaviorism and nativism. This theory puts focus back on children as active participants in the language learning process
What age should children have mastered their speech sounds All sounds should be acquired by 8. however every child is different.
When do children say their first words Around their first birthdays
What sounds predominate early Speech of children Stops, Nasals, and fricatives dominate. /dptkgbmnfv/
Three ways to describe Consonant sounds Place of articulation(how the sound is made), manner of articulation,(how the air is used or not) Voicing (whether the sound is voiced or not)
Phonological Processes and why children use them Specialized set of phonological rules children use these rules to make difficult words easier. 1 Omissions, 2 Deletions 3 Substitutions (gliding,fronting,backing, stopping,) assimilation 5glottal stop replacements.
Language and communication Communication is not always language Langauge is a specific form of communication with speech being the verbal maker of it. speech is a shared system which uses agreed upon symbols, through arbituray systems, is rule governed
2 important skills babies have to help them with language development. auditory discrimination skills ( native language, mother's voice, discriminate vowels and consonants) Visual discrimination (recognize face with voice by 7 months, distinguish faces from other objects, line of sight 8 inches)
IPA International Phonetic Alphabet, agreed upon system for representing phonemes across different languages. 44 phonemes
Four anatomical system involved in speech and what they do? Phonatory (protects airways, creates sound) Respiratory (breath supply for phonemes) CNS (phonemes are planned and sequenced and motor planning) Articulatory (minute production of sounds)
Created by: sacoulte