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BL1.3 Criminal

BusLaw1 Criminal

TermDefinition
aggravated assault a stronger form of assault, usually using a deadly weapon.
ALI Test Test for insanity. American Law Institute provides defendant would not be criminally responsible for conduc if lacking capacity to understand right or wrong as a result of mental disease or defect.
arson The willful and malicious burning of a building
assault Attempt to commit a battery (unlawful touching of another person)
battery The unlawful touching of another person
burglary Breaking and entering a house or other structure to commit a felony. Unauthorized entry into a building or occupied structure with intent to commit a crime.
castle law States that a person's legally occupied place (house, car, workplace) has certain protection that permit the use of force if threatened.
crime An offense committed against the public good, or society
defendant A person accused of a crime
defense of a family member A defense to a crime. Allows use of reasonable force to protect a family member from bodily harm (also defense of innocents).
drag racing Racing two vehicles side by side of riming vehicles that separately run a prearranged course.
embezzlement The wrongful taking of another person's property by a person who is entrusted with that property
entrapment A law enforcement officer induces a law-abiding citizen to commit a crime.
extortion The crime of getting money from someone by the use of force or threats.
felony A major crime punishable by prison or death
felony murder law Legal rule that expands the definition of murder to include death of a person (intentional or unintentional) that occurs during the commission of a felony.
first-degree murder Unlawful killing of another person, that is both willful and pre-meditated; with "malice aforethought"
infraction A minor offense that is usually punishable with a fine and not with jail time
insanity A defense by an accused to avoid liability for a crime because, at the time of the crime, the person did not appreciate the nature or quality or wrongfulness of the acts. i.e., they could not tell right from wrong.
intent the determination to perform a particular act
joy riding taking a vehicle without the owner's permission.
kidnapping The unlawful removal or restraint of a person against his or her will
larceny The unlawful taking and carrying away of the personal property of another with the intent to deprive the owner of the property
manslaughter The unlawful killing of another human being without malice aforethought; can be divided into two categories, voluntary or involuntary. Voluntary or involuntary killing of another person without intending to do so
misdemeanor A crime less serious than a felony that is punishable by a fine or a brief imprisonment in a county or city jail.
M'Naghten Rule A test applied to determine whether a person accused of a crime was sane at the time of its commission and, therefore, criminally responsible for the wrongdoing. It is the oldest test for criminal insanity.
motive an idea, belief or emotion that causes a person to act in accordance with that a state of mind (not required to be proved to find guilty)
murder The unlawful killing of another human being with malice aforethought which means the killer had evil intent.
plaintiff The party that accuses a person of a crime
prosecutor The government attorney who presents the case in court against the person accused.
robbery The wrongful taking of someone's property by threatening or using violence
second degree murder the unlawful killing of another person without planning ahead of time; non-premeditated.
self-defense The use of force to protect oneself when have good reason to believe they are in danger of serious injury or death
shoplifting The act of stealing goods from a store
stealing Missouri's term for larceny
treason The betrayal of one's own country by waging war against it or by consciously or purposely acting to aid its enemies.
vandalism Willful or malicious damage to property
Created by: C.Westcott
 

 



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