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OS Chap 11

Operating Systems Chapter 11 Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Administrative Tools A group of utilities in Windows Control Panel that are used by technicians and developers to support Windows.
Clean Boot Starts Windows with a basic set of drivers and startup programs using System Configuration utility to disable all third-party software.
Computer Management A Windows Console Utility that contains several tools that con be used to mange the local computer or other computers on the network.
Critical Events An Event Viewer event type that indicates a problem occurred with a critical Windows process.
DirectX A Microsoft software development tool that software developers can use to write multimedia applications.
dxdiag.exe The command to display information about hardware and diagnose problems with DirectX.
Event Viewer A Windows Utility used to find logs of events which can cause Windows to lock up or hang.
Executive Services A component of the kernel which functions as an group of services that operate in between the user mode subsystems and the HAL.
Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL) A component of the kernel which is closest to the hardware, and built in Windows based on the type of CPU installed.
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT (HKCR) A High-Level key that stores information that determines which application is opened when the user double-clicks a file. this process relies on the file's extension to determine which program to load. This data is gathered from the HKLM and HKCU keys.
HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG (HKCC) A High-Level key that contains information that identifies each hardware device installed on the computer.
HKEY_CURRENT_USER (HKCU) A High-Level key that contains data about the current user, built when a user signs in using data kept in the HKU key and the Ntuser.dat file of the current user.
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE (HKLM) A High-Level key that is the most important key and contains hardware, software, and security data. It also builds the HARDWARE subkey when the registry is first loaded, based on data collection about the current hardware configuration.
HKEY_USERS (HKU) A High-Level key that contains data about all users and is taken from the DEFAULT hive.
Kernel Responsible for interacting with hardware as the core of the OS.
Kernel Mode Operates with more power than the shell in communicating with hardware devices.
Mirosoft Management Console A Windows Utility used to build you own customized console windows.
Multimonitor Taskbar A Windows 8 option to extend the desktop taskbar across both monitors.
Multiple Monitor Misalignment A problem with either horizontal or vertical alignment where the two monitor boxes in Screen Resolution are not even or staggered so that the mouse pointer does not move straight across from one monitor to the other.
Multiple Monitor Orientation Used by dragging the two monitor boxes on the Screen Resolution window so that the boxes represent the relative positions of each monitor.
Native Resolution Usually the recommended resolution which is the optimal resolution the monitor was designed to support.
Performance Monitor (perfmon.msc) A Windows Utility snap-in that can track activity by hardware and software to measure performance.
Print Management (printmanagement.msc) A Windows Utility in Administrator tools available only in Professional and Business Edition installations that is used to monitor and manage printer queues for all printers on the network.
Process A program that is running under the authority of the shell, together with the system resources assigned to it.
Ready Boost A Windows tool to use a flash drive or SD memory card to boost hard drive performance by using it as a flash memory buffer to speed up HDD access time.
Refresh Rate The number of times the monitor refreshes the screen in one second.
Registry A database designed with a treeline structure (called a hierarchical database) that contains configuration information for Windows, users, software applications, and installed hardware, gathered from hive files and ntuser.dat file.
Registry Editor A Windows Utility in Administrator tools that is used to backup and edit the Windows Registry.
Reliability and Performance Monitor A Windows Utility for Windows Vista that is an earlier version of Windows 8/7 Performance Monitor.
Reliability Monitor Used in the Action Center to find out what changes were made to the system around the time a problem occurred.
Resolution The number of horizontal and vertical pixels used to build one screen.
Service Console (services.msc) A Windows Utility used to control the Windows and third-party services installed on a system.
Shell The portion of an OS that relates to the user and to applications.
Snap-ins Individual tools contained in a console like MMC.
System Configuration (msconfig.exe) A Microsoft Utility used to temporarily disable programs from launching at startup.
Task Manager (taskmgr.exe) A Windows Utility that lets you view the applications and processes running on your computer as well as information about process and memory performance, network activity and user activity.
Task Scheduler (taskschd.msc) A Windows Utility in Administrator tools that is used to launch a task or program at a future time, including at startup.
Thread A single task created by a process when requesting resources.
User Mode Operates several subsystems to make up the shell and has only limited access to system information and can access hardware only through other OS services.
Created by: doerschlag11188