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Chapter 3 - Vocab.

The Colonies Take Root

Mayflower the ship in which the Pilgrims sailed from Southampton to the New World in 1620
Mayflower Compact an agreement to establish a government, entered into by the Pilgrims in the cabin of the Mayflower on November 11, 1620.
Plymouth Colony the colony established in SE Massachusetts by the Pilgrims in 1620.
Pilgrims a person who journeys, especially a long distance, to some sacred place as an act of religious devotion: pilgrims to the Holy Land.
Puritan a person who is strict in moral or religious matters, often excessively so.
Separatists a person who separates, withdraws, or secedes, as from an established church.
Charter a document, issued by a sovereign or state, outlining the conditions under which a corporation, colony, city, or other corporate body is organized, and defining its rights and privileges.
Squanto died 1622, North American Indian of the Narragansett tribe: interpreter for the Pilgrims.
Pocahontas 1595?–1617, American Indian woman who is said to have prevented the execution of Captain John Smith.
John Smith 1580–1631, English adventurer and colonist in Virginia.
House of Burgesses the assembly of representatives in colonial Virginia.
Salem Witch Trails The colonial Massachusetts between 1692 and 1693. More than 200 people were accused of practicing witchcraft and 20 were executed. Eventually, the colony admitted the trials were a mistake and compensated the families of those convicted.
John Winthrop lawyer and one of the leading figures in the founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the first major settlement in what is now New England after Plymouth Colony.
Roger Williams English clergyman in America: founder of Rhode Island colony 1636.
Anne Hutchinson important participant in the Antinomian Controversy that shook the infant Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1636 to 1638.
Thomas Hooker English Puritan clergyman: one of the founders of the colony of Connecticut.
John Wheelright was a Puritan clergyman in England and was most noted for being banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony during the Antinomian Controversy, and for subsequently establishing the town of Exeter, New Hampshire.
Town Meeting a general meeting of the inhabitants of a town.
Metacom Known as Philip Died 1676. Wampanoag leader who waged King Philip's War (1675–1676) with New England colonists who had encroached on Native American territory.
Royal Colony a colony ruled or administered by officials appointed by and responsible to the reigning sovereign of the parent state.
Backcountry sparsely inhabited rural areas; wilderness.
Tidewater water brought or affected by tides.
William Penn was an English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, early Quaker and founder of the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony and the future Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Plantation a colony.
Missionaries a person sent on a religious mission, especially one sent to promote Christianity in a foreign country.
Junipero Serra an Spanish missionary who founded Franciscan missions in California (1713-1784)
Presidio (in Spain and Spanish America) a fortified military settlement.
Pueblo an American Indian settlement of the southwestern US, especially one consisting of multistoried adobe houses built by the Pueblo people.
Created by: mf02171
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