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A+ Chapter 8 vocab

A+ Chapter 8 vocabulary

Image deployment Installing a standard image on a computer
in-place upgrade A Windows Installation is launched from the Windows Desktop. The installation carries forward user settings and installed apps from the old OS to the new one.
ISO file *See ISO image*
ISO image A file format that has an .iso file including the file system that is stored on an optical disc. ISO stands for International Organization for Standardization.
lite-touch, high-volume deployment A strategy that uses a deployment server on the network serve up a Windows installation after a technician starts the process at the local computer.
loadstate A command used by the User State Migration Tool (USMT) to copy user settings and data temporarily stored at a safe location to a new computer
Master Boot Record (MBR) One of two methods used to organized the partition tables on a hard drive.
Microsoft Assessment and Planning (MAP) Toolkit Software that can be used by a system administrator from a network location to query hundreds of computers in a single scan to determine if a computer qualifies for a windows upgrade
multiboot *See Dual Boot*
Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) license A software license that only manufactures or builders of personal computers can purchase to be installed only on a computer intended for sale.
Preboot eXecution (PXE) *See preboot eXecution Enviroment*
product activation The process that Microsoft uses to prevent software piracy
Programs and Features A windows within Control Panel that lists the programs installed on a computer,m where you can uninstall, change, or repair programs.
pull automation A windows installation that requires the local user to start the process.
push automation An installation where a server automatically pushes the installation to a computer when a user is not likely to be sitting at the computer.
recovery partition A partition on a hard drive that contains a recovery utility and installation files.
remote network installation An automated installation where no user intervention is required.
repair installation A re-installation of Windows using the recover utility and installation files stored on the recovery partition.
scanstate A command used by the User Stated Migration Tool (USMT) to copy user settings and data from an old computer to a safe location such as a server or removable media.
Secure Boot A UEFI feature that prevents a system from booting up with drivers or an OS that are not digitally signed and trusted by the motherboard or computer manufacturer.
Service Pack A collection of several patches that is installed as a single update to an OS.
setup UEFI/BIOS Used to chance motherboard settings.
solid-state drive A hard drive that has no moving parts
standard image An image that includes windows, drivers, and application that are standard to all the computers that might use the image.
startup UEFI/BIOS Part of UEFI or BIOS firmware on the motherboard that is responsible for controlling the computer when it's first turned on.
system UEFI/BIOS UEFI or BIOS firmware on the motherboard that is used to control essential devices before the OS is loaded.
third-party driver Drivers that are not included in UEFI/BIOS or Windows and must come from the manufacturer.
UEFI CSM (Compatibility Support Module) mode Legacy BIOS in UEFI firmware
unattended installation A Windows installation that is done by storing the answers to installation questions in a text file or script that windows calls an answer file so that the answers do not have to be typed in during the installation.
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface An interface between firmware on the motherboard and the OS that improves on legacy BIOS processes for booting, handing over the boot to the OS, and loading device drivers and apps before the OS loads.
Upgrade Advisor *See Upgrade Assistant*
Upgrade Assistant Software used to find out if a system can be upgraded to windows 8.1
upgrade path A qualifying OS required by Microsoft in order to perform are in-place upgrade
User State Migration Tool (USMT) A Windows utility that helpsw you migrate user files and preferences from one computer to another to help a user make a smooth transition from one computer to another
usmtutils A command used by the user state migration tool that provides encryption options and hard-link management.
virtual Machine (VM) Software that simulates the hardware of a physical computer, creating one or more logical machines within one physical machine.
virtual XP mode The term used by CompTIA for windows xp mode.
volume A primary partition that has been assigned a drive letter and can be formatted with a file system such as ntfs.
Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (ADK) Contains a group of tools used to deploy windows 8 in a large organization and contains the user state migration tool
Windows Automated Installation Kit (AIK) Contains a group of tools used to deploy windows 7 in a large organization and contains the user state migration tool.
Windows Easy Transfer A windows tool used to transfer windows 8/7/vista user data and preferences to the windows 8/7/vista installation on a another computer
Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows PE) A minimum OS used to start the windows installation
Windows Pro Pack An upgrade available to windows 8 that adds the functionality of windows 8.1 pro to the more basic addition
Windows.old folder When using an unformatted hard drive for a clean installation, this folder is created to store the previous OS settings and user profiles
zero-touch, high-volume deployment An installation strategy that does not require the user to start the process.
Created by: latour14455