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3-D Design/HHS

Elements & Principles of Art

Line the path of a point moving in space
Shape 2-dimensional space; flat; limited to height & width; sometimes enclosed with an outline
Geometric Shapes nameable shapes created by mathematical laws
Organic Shapes free form shapes or natural shapes
Form 3-dimensional space; includes height, width, and depth
Texture the way things feel or look as if they may feel if touched
Visual Texture the illusion of texture in an artwork
Value the lightness or darkness of tones or colors
Color the illusionary phenomena of light
Hue another name for color
Tint when white has been added to a color
Shade when black has been added to a color
High Intensity when a color is strong and bright
Low Intensity when a color is faint and dull
Space the sense of depth achieved in a work of art
Positive Space space filled with recognizable objects
Negative Space the empty spaces around the positive space
Balance the way the Elements of Art are arranged to create a feeling of stability; it is the equal distribution of the visual weights of objects, colors, texture, and space
Symmetrical Balance the elements used on one side of the design are similar to those on the other side; if the artwork was divided in half, the two sides would be the same or almost the same
Asymmetrical Balance the sides are different but still look balanced
Radial Balance the elements are arranged around a central point and may be similiar
Contrast when there is a large difference between two things to create interest or tension
Emphasis the part of the design that catches the viewer's attention; a focal point
Movement the path the viewer's eye takes through the work of art, often to focal areas; such movement can be directed along lines, edges, shape, and color within the work of art
Pattern the repeating of an object or symbol all over the artwork; it often decorates the surfaces of art with planned, repeated units
Proportion the feeling of unity created when all parts relate well with each other; when drawing or sculpting the human figure, it can refer to the size of the head compared to the rest of the body
Repetition works with pattern to make the art seem active; when used with the Elements of Art it creates unity with in the artwork
Rhythm created when one or more Elements of Art are used repeatedly to create a mood like music or dancing
Unity the feeling of harmony between all parts of the artwork; creates a sense of completeness
Variety the use of several Elements of Art to increase the visual interest of an artwork; it holds the viewer's attention as it guides the viewer's eye through and around the work of art
Created by: clindstrand