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Number Bases

TermDefinition
computer an electronic device for storing and processing data, typically in binary form, according to instructions given to it in a program.
data the numbers a computer works with to convert information
information words, numbers, and pictures that we can understand
binary system of numerical notation with a base of 2
decimal system of numerical notation with a base of 10
octal system of numerical notation with a base of 8
hexadecimal system of numerical notation with a base of 16
ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) format where each alphabetic, numeric, or special character is represented with a 7-bit binary number
Unicode an international encoding standard for use with different languages and scripts, by which each letter, digit, or symbol is assigned a unique numeric value that applies across different platforms and programs.
data type information with values having predefined characteristics. Examples: integer, floating point number, character, string, and boolean.
underflow the condition that occurs when the lower limit of a data type is exceeded. No warnings given.
overflow the condition that occurs when the upper limit of a data type is exceeded. No warnings given.
char(character) data type with the size of exactly one byte
bit smallest unit of data; has a single binary value, either 0 or 1.
byte a unit of computer information that is equal to eight bits
nibble 4 bits or half of a byte
Created by: shoemaker