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Foundations in OT

Ch. 1 Kinesiology: A Foundation in Occupational Therapy

QuestionAnswer
Quantitative Identifies numerical information under standardized situations to gather information (Numerical)
Examples of Qualitative *Range of motion(ROM) *Manual Muscle Testing (MMT) *Using a computer or video to analyze movement
The study of the principles of mechanics and anatomy in relation to human movement Kinesiology
What are the two approaches to Kinesiology ? *1st approach - Quantitative *2nd approach- Qualitative
Qualitative Information on movement that comes form observation or interview. (information may be subjective and less measureable)
Examples of Qualitative *Observation of movement *Client interview *Gross range of motion or manual muscle testing
AOTA America Occupational Therapy Association
ACOTE Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education
WHO World Health Organization
NBCOT National Board for the Certification of Occupational Therapy
Aspects of Kinesiology *Anatomy *Physiology *Calculus *Biomechanics *Physics
Education Requirements Related to Kinesiology *Kinesiology had been one of the basic sciences in OT programs from inception 1973 *After 1973 course content were replaced with specific behavioral objectives * Most recent educational requirements were published in 2006
Terminal behavioral objectives relevant to education in kinesiology include: (In Numerical Order) B.1.4: Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the structure and functioning of the human body
Terminal behavioral objectives relevant to education in kinesiology include:(In Numerical Order) B.2.7: Exhibit the ability to analyze tasks relative to areas of occupation, performance skills, performance patterns, activity demands, contexts, and client factors
Terminal behavioral objectives relevant to education in kinesiology include:(In Numerical Order) B.4.1: Gather and Share data for the purpose of screening and evaluation
Terminal behavioral objectives relevant to education in kinesiology include:(In Numerical Order) B.4.2.: Administer selected assessments using appropriate procedures and protocols
Terminal behavioral objectives relevant to education in kinesiology include:(In Numerical Order) B.4.3: Gather and share data for the purpose of evaluating clients occupational performance
A separate organization from AOTE and ACOTE NBCOT( National Board for the Certification of Occupational Therapy )
Global health organization within the untied nations WHO(world health organization)
ICF International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)
Identifies what entry level practice is and provides the national certification examination NBCOT( National Board for the Certification of Occupational Therapy)
Occupation What one does to occupy his or her time; may include rest, work, recreation, family, or school activities, or any other daily life task
OTPF-2 Occupational Therapy Practice Framework, 2nd edition (OTPF-2)
What is the official document that guides the practice of occupational therapy ? OTPF-2 (Occupational Therapy Practice Framework, 2nd Edition)
What are the NBCOT 4 hierarchical components of entry level practice ? * Domain * Task * Knowledge and Skill
What other organization accreditation standards correlate with the NBCOT Domain, Task, Knowledge and Skill statements ? ACOTE(Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy)
From 1900-1920's what created a greater demand for OT practitioners to address physical disability needs? WWI
Reductionistic Era and Orthopedic Model was from ? 1930-1950
Occupation Era and Biomechanical Model was from ? 1970-Present
Medical Era and Kinetic Model was from ? 1950-1970
Reconstruction Era and Curative Era was from ? 1900-1920
In what Era did WW2 create a greater demand for OT practitioners ? 1930-1950
In what Era di OT attempt to identify the motor deficits accompanying physical disabilities ? 1930-1950
In what Era did improved information sharing through establishment of journals and multiple OT texts increased complexity of thought and increased speed of information sharing and development happen? 1950-1970
In what Era did the Biomechanical Model emerge as the latest model incorporating aspects of kinesiology ? 1970-present
What is WHO definition of health? A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
What is ICF? It is a international Standard used to define and assess health and disability
What Classification does the following fall under; Holistic viewpoint Diagnosis does not = decrease in function Many factors affect function, including personal, environmental, and societal ICF( International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health)
What perspective is the hallmark of OT? Holistic
What model merges medical and social models and focus is shifted from disability to health and functioning? Biopsychosocial Model
ICF is divided into the three sections what are they? Body, activities, and participation and environmental factors
What does ICF identify as the three levels of function ? body or body parts, the whole person, and the person in context of the society
The levels of human functioning coincide with levels of dysfunction which include ? *Impairment(body part) *Activity Limitation ( individual level or whole person ) *Participation Restriction ( societal)
Define Activity The execution of a task or action by an individual
Define Participation Involvement in a life situation
What are the two main sections of the OTPF-2 ? *Domain *Process
Areas of knowledge and expertise in known as ? Domain
Dynamic, client centered, relating to planning occupational therapy services and intervention is known as ? Process
ADL Activities of Daily Living
IADL Instrumental Activities of Daily Living
The domain labeled ______ ___ ____________ includes a broad spectrum of activities. Areas of Occupation
What are the eight areas of occupation? *ADL *IADL *Rest and Sleep *Work *Education *Play *Leisure *Social Participation
OTPF Occupational Therapy Practice Framework
Define ADL Self-care task to take care of one's own body
Define IADL More Complex; Support of Daily Life; May occur in home or community
What does the Domain of OT include ?? *Areas of Occupation *Performance Skills *Performance Patterns *Context and environmental *Activity Demands *Client Factors
Ability or Capacity to demonstrate actions Performance Skills
Unique qualities within the individual that affect engagement and performance in occupation Client Factors
Habits, routines, roles, rituals that influence how performance skills are applied this may also support or hamper engagement in occupation Performance Patterns
Environment refers to ? Context refers to ? Environmental = physical and social arenas Context= cultural, personal, temporal, virtual conditions surrounding the client
Activity Demands are Unique characteristics of an activity that influence performance of activity
What three areas are Client Factors divided into ? *Values, Beliefs, Spirituality *Body Functions *Body Structures
_________ Factors are most internal to client, may have a positive or negative impact on performance and engagement in occupation. Client
What guides life decisions and affects all choices made by client? Values, Beliefs, and Spirituality
________ Functions are physiological functions of body and may support or hamper engagement in occupation Body
Anatomy and specific body parts are ______ structures Body
Define Values Guiding principles, standards, moral ethics
Define Beliefs Attitudes, viewpoints, ideas, truths held by an individual
Define Spirituality Search for meaning in life; May or may not be a affiliates with a specific religion
How could Internal factors affect a clients motivation ? by values, beliefs, spirituality, personality
What external factors could affect a clients motivation ? social factors, approval by others, remuneration
What is Self- Determined extrinsic motivation ? When the person will attempt an activity for external reasons, but these external reasons hold value for the person which purposes a combination of internal and external factors
What is an example of self determined extrinsic motivation ? Physical Appearance
What is Locus Control refers to ? Who or What has impact over outcomes.
What does an internal locus indicate ? Belief that you have control over what will happen to you and personal efforts do make a difference in outcomes
What does external locus indicate? Belief that what occurs in life is not under your control and personal efforts do not affect situation or outcome
Dynamic Continuum means ? Locus of Control can change
How can Lifespan influences change as a person ages? What motivates a person can change
Motivation in earlier years is more _______? Intrinsic
As Socialization becomes more important what becomes stronger? extrinsic motivation
In later adulthood the ___________ ____________ of enjoyment has greatest influence on activity internal motivator
What are the categories of Activity Demands? *Objects used and their properties *Space Demands *Social Demands *Sequence and timing *Required actions and performance skills *Required body functions *Required body structures
Explain objects used and their properties Tools, materials, equipment, to carry out activity
What is space demands Features of physical environment including building, temperature, lighting, furniture, and equipment
Explain Social demands Social and cultural aspects if activities; rules, respect for others, communication
Explain Sequence and timing Need to perform each step of activity on certain order and within specific timeframe for successful completion of activity
Skill sets needed to perform activity are ? Required actions and performance skill
Anatomy and physiology required to support activity is Required body functions and body structures activity
What are some examples of how to analyze activity demands? *Determine effort needed to participate *Analyze qualities inherent in activity *Manipulate characteristics to enable performance *Changing one area will impact all areas
Created by: Leesled